Firstborn Sonship of Christ
Vol 26 No 8
The New Birth
Series Number: 31
ANNA, A PROPHETESS
36 "Now there was one, Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was of a great age, and had lived with a husband seven years from her virginity;
37 "And this woman was a widow of about eighty-four years, who did not depart from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day.
38 "And coming in that instant she gave thanks to the Lord, and spoke of Him to all those who looked for redemption in Jerusalem," Lk 2:36-38.
1. The Holy Spirit and Anna.
The Holy Spirit brought Anna up as Simeon finished his testimony and prophecy, and moved her to testify and prophesy to all who were present (both angels and men), and to the myriads who would read these words in time and eternity. Anna "did not depart from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day." Anna perhaps lived outside the temple, but was otherwise steadfastly in the temple. We should read this passage along with Ps 84; Heb 10:25-31; and similar passages and strive to be in every church service. That is the kind of people the Holy Spirit delights to use, and that is the kind of people we must urgently strive to be.
2. Anna Spoke of the Child Jesus.
"And coming in that instant she gave thanks to the Lord, and spoke of Him," Lk 2:38.
The Holy Spirit rewarded Anna's resolute dedication to fastings and prayers and gave her under-standing of the the Scriptures just as He did to Simeon. Anna was also permitted to see the Seed of the woman, and though an infant is still an infant, there was knowledge, and glory, and redemption, and the hope of all that is good and perfect and divine ready to be demonstrated in this Infant Testator of all the last will and testament covenants. Simeon and Anna and others like them understood that God would be born of a virgin and become the Redeemer Testator for all time and eternity, Isa 7:14; 9:6-7; 44:6; 53:1-12; Zec 12:10.
3. Those Who Looked for Redemption.
38 "And coming in that instant she gave thanks to the Lord, and spoke of Him to all those who looked for redemption in Jerusalem," Lk 2:38.
The Infant Jesus was the Testator of all the prior "last will and testaments," and would be the Testator of the New Testament. Simeon understood this, and so did Anna. Either that is true or they did not understand what this unique redemption includes or what a last will and testament is. But Simeon and Anna did know because they spoke of the Infant Jesus as the Redeemer, of His death, and of His future judgment activities. All of this addressed His virgin birth, His sinless life, His vicarious death, burial, and divine resurrection birth as our Kinsman Redeemer and Testator of all the "last will and testaments." Simeon and Anna appear to have understood what they were saying and were immensely rejoicing that this infant would accomplish the great magnitude and glorious redemption ministry of the promised Messiah.
4. The Testator and the Last Will and Testament.
15 "And for this reason He is the Mediator of the New Covenant, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions under the first covenant, that those who are called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.
16 "For where there is a testament, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.
17 "For a testament is in force after men are dead, since it has no power at all while the testator lives," Heb 9:15-17
We will briefly review how Gen 2 and 3 require a divine resurrection birth of the Seed of the woman, based upon the all-pervading Bible truth of this passage in Hebrews, Heb 9:15-17.
a. Adam and Eve and their descendants were promised divine life in the tree of life. That divine life continued to be promised in all the last will and testaments, beginning in the Garden of Eden in Gen 3, but including Gen 1 and 2 because Christ was as a Lamb slain before the foundation of the world as we know it, 1Pe 1:18-20; Eph 1:4-5,11-14. The tree of life promised life beyond what Adam and Eve had before they sinned and therefore more than they had thereafter, Gen 3:22-24. The promised "inheritance" of all the last will and testaments still excels the life Adam and Eve had before they sinned. Again, the promised "inheritance" of all the last will and testaments excels the life the physical body of Christ had before His resurrection birth into a divine state of being. The earthly body of Christ was a human body of the first Adam, and was not the heavenly and divine body of the Second Adam until His resurrection birth, Col 1:18; Rev 1:5; Act 13:29-33; 2:25-28; Ps 16:8-11; Heb 1:5-6; 5:5; 1Co 15:44-50; et al.
b. In order to perform His purpose according to Rom 9:22-23, God permitted Adam and Eve to sin, but at the same time made His grace sufficient for them to overcome His covenant testing experience in the temptation of Satan, Gen 3:1-7. God's grace (knowledge, power, help, Heb 4:16) was not fatalistic, but was sufficient for Adam and Eve to overcome the temptation of Satan in the Garden, but they failed by their own volition – and we also failed in them, Rom 5:12. God's purpose, according to Rom 9:22-23, was to show His infinite love, compassion, mercy, longsuffering, justice, wrath, etc.
c. Adam and Eve failed the test and became dead in sins: separated and alienated from God, though still alive in the flesh for nine hundred plus years. In this state of being they also stood condemned to be punished eternally, except that mercy toward the undeserving is one of God's divine attributes which God from eternity had purposed to freely demonstrate toward Adam, Eve, and their descendants, Rom 9:22-23. God was willing to demonstrate these divine attributes of love, compassion, mercy, forbearance, justice, wrath, etc., in wooing and winning the deep love and affectionate obedience of His estranged creatures, with whom He will share His divine fullness, Eph 1:22-23; 3:19; 4:13-24; 5:31-32; Col 1:19; 2:9-10; Jn 10:30-36; 14:8-11; 17:21-23; et al.
d. God promised a Kinsman Redeemer who would redeem Adam and Eve and their descendants from death and its eternal punishment. This Redeemer is prophesied throughout the Bible from Gen 1 to be greater in His Person than His adversary, the serpent, of Gen 3:1-15. The Spirit moved Paul to write of God (the Son of God) humbling Himself to become a human, even to the extent of suffering the death of the cross, and being raised back into a state of being where He in His person is worthy of possessing a divine name above every name, Phi 2:6-11. That name of "Jehovah" in the Hebrew Old Testament is associated with crucifixion, Zec 12:10. The word "redeemer" is used 18 times in the Bible, and 13 of those times is in Isaiah associated with Jehovah. We can clearly see this in Gen 1, 2, and 3, and throughout the Scriptures many hundreds of times over in the animal sacrifices, and in many other ways.
e. The Kinsman Redeemer was appointed to be the Testator of all the Bible last will and testaments. This appointment was according to the counsel of the Godhead before the foundation of the world, 1Pe 1:18-20; Eph 1:4-5,11; 2Ti 1:9; Tit 1:2; Phi 2:6-11. It was Christ as the Testator (Heb 9:16-17), who through the Holy Spirit, gave the Great Commission (Mt 28:18-20), which is a very general and brief statement of the New Covenant or New Testament, Heb 9:16-17, 12-28. But Christ was unequivocally the Testator in all the last will and testaments from the Garden of Eden on. Since the Testator must die, Christ was the Testator who symbolically died in all the Old Testament last will and testaments from Eden on. Of course, Christ always did the will of the Father, and all that Christ did, He did by the Holy Spirit, Mt 3:16-17; 4:1; 12:28; Mk 1:10-12; Lk 4:1,14,18-19; Jn 1:33; 3:34; Rom 1:4; Heb 9:13.
f. The Testator, who is also the Kinsman Redeemer, must live a perfect "clean" life, represented by the "clean" animals which the Testator killed in order to obtain the "skins" to cloth Adam and Eve. Simeon and Anna and Nicodemus and all other Jews knew that no animal would do except a "clean" animal. Noah took seven each of the "clean" animals into the ark (Gen 7:2-3) and sacrificed only those that were Gen 8:20-21. The clean animals and unleavened bread testified (prophesied) that the Kinsman Redeemer and Testator would be without sin. This is a testament (covenant) requirement and requires that the Testator would be tested through covenant disciplinary training and thereby be made perfect by suffering and overcoming, Heb 2:10,18; 4:15; 5:8-9; 12:2-3. The testimony of Simeon and Anna reveals that they well understood Isa 53 and related passages.
g. The Testator must "die" for Adam's sin and for the sins of all mankind in order for the last will and testament to become effective. This includes God's just wrath against all the sins of mankind, 1Jn 2:2. The Bible may be compared to the unsealed "open copy" (Jer 32:6-16) of the sealed Testament in the hand of the Father, Rev 5:1-6. The Bible provides for the "death" of specified "clean" animals in order for the effective worship under the preliminary last will and testaments of the Old Testament, Heb 9:16-23.
h. The Testator must arise from the grave in order to destroy "death" and all included in sin's condemnation.
54 "So when this corruptible has put on incorruption, and this mortal has put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written: "Death is swallowed up in victory."
55 "O Death, where is your sting? O Hades, where is your victory?" 1Co 15:54-55; Isa 25:8; Hos 13:14.
Death alone would not crush the Serpent's head and disarm him of all his usurped dignity, power, and authority in the eyes of all. And death alone would not bring back the righteous dead who have believed and obeyed in their turn. There had to be resurrection from the dead, and this fact is made clear all through the Bible beginning with Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, Gen 2:23-24; 3:20-22. That a man should leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife and the two should become "one flesh," was a prophetic statement beyond this earthly lifetime. The Holy Spirit used Paul to apply this verse (Gen 2:24) to Christ and His bride into the ages to come, Eph 5:31-32; 1Co 6:15-17. See also Jn 10:30-36; 14:8-11; 17:21-23; 2Co 5:16-17; et al.
i. A divine resurrection birth was necessary, and was made explicitly clear in the initial disposition of the last will and testament in the Garden of Eden. First, this promise of divine life was inherent in the fruit of the tree of life, which God forbad Adam and Eve to eat after they had sinned by driving them out of the Garden and putting cherubims there to guard the entrance and the way to the tree of life, Gen 3:22-24.
Second, this promise of divine life is also inherent in Adam's statement concerning marriage that the husband and wife should be "one flesh," Gen 2:23-24. The Holy Spirit draws from this statement by moving Paul to apply the statement to Christ and His faithful covenant people, Eph 5:31-32. This "oneness" with Christ signifies "oneness," in deified life with the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, Jn 10:30-36; 14:8-11; 17:21-23; Eph 1:22-23; 3:19; Col 1:19; 2:9-21. We will continue to demonstrate the harmony and repeated emphasis in the Scriptures on this divine "oneness" of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit with the faithful covenant people.
Third, Adam called his wife's name "life," and that she would be the mother of the living ones. The word "Eve" means "life." Certainly, Eve was and is the mother of all mankind, but this name came after the Testator had said the Seed of the woman would be the Redeemer, would crush Satan's head, and would be the way, the truth, and the divine life (Jn 14:6) promised in the tree of life. Again, Adam named his wife's name "life" immediately after the Testator had said that they would die and return to the dust from which they were taken, Gen 2:19-20. This death must be followed by resurrection into the promised life (divine life) of the tree of life. This divine life was and still is the item of excelling urgency, perhaps more so than it was in the tree of life before Adam and Eve ate of the forbidden tree and died.
This divine human body was created by Christ in His resurrection birth (Col 1:18; Rev 1:5; Act 13:29-33; 2:25-28; Rev 1:5-6; 5:5; 1Co 15:44-50; Co 2:9-10; et al), and is promised to all who are joined to Him in covenant faithfulness, 1Co 6:15-17; 15:1-2,29-34,57-58; 2Co 3:18; 4:7-12,17; 5:1-5-21; Phi 3:7-14,21; et al. Those who ate the Passover lamb, the unleavened bread, the other sacrifices, the showbread, the manna, etc., were "partaking of Christ" "by faith." And those who from Adam on who believed and obeyed by grace through faith, were "partaking of Christ" "by faith," Mt 4:4; Jn 6:27,29 (27-67). All the covenant people who believed and obeyed in their turn through the ages will share this divine oneness with the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. They all had the Holy Spirit in the covenant way, and under the New Covenant we have the Spirit in a still more special way since the Testator has died and His body raised and deified (glorified), Jn 7:39; Gal 4:4-7; Rom 8:23-25; 2Co 5:1-5-21.
The above enumeration is required by the words that Simeon and Anna spoke as they looked upon the infant Jesus when He was only 40 days old. Lev 12:1-4; Lk 2:22. Jesus was only an infant, but He was their Redeemer, their Messiah ("the Lord's Christ", Lk 2:26), their Son of David, born of a virgin (Isa 7:14; 9:6-7), and their God who will judge the living and the dead, Lk 2:26-35,38. Nicodemus and all Israel could and should have understood all these things. They require the new birth of both body and spirit when Christ returns.
A LITTLE MORE FROM ISAIAH
The foregoing discussion on the "last will and testament" will perhaps be repositioned when put into book form. Here we continue a sketch of a few major passages in the book of Isaiah which require a divine resurrection birth of the faithful covenant people when Christ returns. This should close out The Firstborn Sonship of Christ "introduction" to the Old Testament. These articles are being somewhat put together as we proceed, and will be a little better arranged when put into book form. After finishing this introduction to the Old Testament, there will be more articles from the Old Testament on The Firstborn Sonship of Christ particularly from the Law Covenant.
THE MOUNTAIN OF THE LORD'S HOUSE
1 "The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.
2 "Now it shall come to pass in the latter days that the mountain of the LORD's house shall be established on the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow to it.
3 "Many people shall come and say, 'Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; He will teach us His ways, and we shall walk in His paths.' For out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
4 "He shall judge between the nations, and rebuke many people; they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war anymore," Isa 2:1-4.
1. The Mountain of the Lord's House.
3 "Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made,"
This passage speaks of a vision Isaiah saw concerning "Judah and Jerusalem."
The word "mountain" signifies "government"
that is lifted up above the people and rules over the people. In this case, the mountain is the mountain of the Lord's house that God has appointed to rule over all the nations (mountains, hills, or goverments) of the earth from Jerusalem, as we see here and will see below in the correlation of other passages. Christ, the Redeemer and Testator, will reign over all nations; in fact, He will reign over all creation from Jerusalem through the seventy day Millennium of rest for which all the creation is waiting, Rom 8:19-22. When Christ, as the last will and testament Testator, has put down all enemies, He will deliver the kingdom over to the Father, 1Co 15:24-28.
When God created Adam, He put all creation under man's rule (Gen 1:26-31; Ps 8:3-6; Rom 8:19-22); however, when Adam sinned, man and all his possessions became the possessions of Satan whom Adam obeyed, Rom 6:16; Mt 4:8-10. This made Satan the ruler over all creation, which Christ as the Seed of the woman must redeem. The redemptive work of Christ (the Redeemer and Testator) was and is to destroy sin, Satan, and all the works of Satan, Heb 2:14; 1Jn 3:8. This does not mean the annihilation of Satan, since the Bible reveals otherwise that Satan, demons, death, the unrepenting of mankind, etc., will be cast into the lake of fire and punished for ages of ages, Rev 20:10-15; 14:9-11.
2. The Seventh Day of Rest.
1 "Thus the heavens and the earth, and all the host of them, were finished.
2 "And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.
The seventh day was the Sabbath day of "rest,"
though nothing is said specifically of any observance of the seventh day until Exodus 12, some twenty-five hundred years later. This does not mean the sabbath was not observed during that period. Yet the sabbath was greatly emphasized under the Law Covenant (Ex 20:8-11), as any concordance will reveal. The Holy Spirit in Heb 4:1-11 applies the seventh day to the Millennium reign of Christ (the Testator) over all creation, Ps 8:3-6; Heb 2:6-8; Rom 8:19-22.
3. The Son of David.
43 "He said to them, ‘How then does41 'While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them,
42 "Saying, ‘What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He?' They said to Him, ‘The Son of David.'
&nbs David in the Spirit call Him 'Lord,' saying:
44 "'The LORD said to my Lord, ‘Sit at My right hand, till I make Your enemies Your footstool'?
45 "'If David then calls Him 'Lord,' how is He his Son?"
Mt 22:41-45; Mk 112:35-37; Lk 20:41-44.
The Pharisees understood that the Messiah was prophesied to be the Son of David, who would sit on the throne of David and rule all nations as indicated in Isa 2:1-4; Mic 4:1-4; and other passages we will discuss below. Jerusalem will be the Capital of the whole earth, Israel (the covenant people under the Messiah) will rule all nations of the earth, the Word of the Lord will be taught to all nations from Jerusalem, and peace and godly prosperity will prevail throughout the seventh day Millennium.
In His youth, Jesus had attended the synagogues and had been taught by the rabbis according to the Jewish traditions. He was well aware that they did not understand that the Messiah would be the Son of God – God in a human body. The above passage makes this clear, and the Pharisees could not answer the above question of Jesus.
God had blinded their eyes (Isa 6:9-12; 8:17, 13-18; Mt 13:14-15) because they did not seek Him by faith but by flesh works, Deu 30:10-20; Rom 9:30-33; 10:1-8). But there were always those in Israel who did understand sufficiently to qualify by grace through faith, like Zacharias and Elizabeth, Joseph and Mary, Simeon and Anna, etc. But the Old Testament Scriptures speak clearly that the Messiah would be God born through a virgin birth into a human body.
4. The Son of God in a Human Body.
14 "Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His name Immanuel,"
6 "For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given; and the government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
7 "Of the increase of His government and peace there will be no end, upon the throne of David and over His kingdom, to order it and establish it with judgment and justice from that time forward, even forever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this,"
;a. Nicodemus could have known and should have known from the Old Testament Scriptures that God (the Son of God) would be born of a virgin (Gen 3:15; Isa 7:14; Gal 4:4) into the family of David (Isa 9:6-7), and, as the "Son of Man"
(Ps 8:3-6; Dan 7:13-14), was predestined from the beginning to sit on the throne of David and rule all creation in righteousness, Isa 46:8-11; 9:6-7; Ps 9:3-6; Heb 2:6-10.
;b. Nicodemus could have known and should have known that the Messiah would be God born of a virgin (Gen 3:16; Isa 7:14; Gal 4:4) into the family of David (Isa 9:6-7), and live a perfect unleavened human life "without blemish and without spot"
(Ex 12:5; 1Pe 1:18-20), as emphasized and portrayed countless times by the types and ceremonies throughout the Old Testament, Ex 12; Lev 1 thru 8; Heb 9; 10:1-20; et al.
c. Nicodemus could have known and should have known from the Old Testament Scriptures (Jn 3:10) that the Messiah would be God born of a virgin (Gen 3:15; Isa 7:14; Gal 4:4) into the human family and into the family of David (Isa 9:6-7), would die, descend into Sheol, then ascend out of Sheol, moving Paradise from the heart of the earth to the third heaven, Deu 30:12-14; Rom 10:6-8; Lk 23:43; Act 2:23-28; Ps 16:7-11; Eph 4:8-10; 2Co 12:1-4.
d. Nicodemus could have known and should have known from the Old Testament Scriptures that the Messiah born of a virgin (Gen 3:15; Isa 7:14; Gal 4:4) into the family of David (Isa 9:6-7) would be God in a human body raised our of the grave into a divine body, therefore becoming the firstborn from the dead – a new birth creating a "new man," a new kind of creation, Ps 2:7-9; Col 1:18; Rev 1:5; Act 13:29-33 (Act 2:25-28; Ps 16:7-11); Heb 1:5-6; 5:5; 1Co 15:44-50; et al.
e. Nicodemus could have known and should have known that the Messiah would be God born of a virgin (Gen 3:15; Isa 7:14; Gal 4:4) into the family of David (Isa 9:6-7), would die, be buried, rise again the third day (Ps 16:10, 7-11; Act 13:29-37) into a divine body (1Co 15:44-50; Col 2:9), "Having disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in it"
(Col 2:15), fully qualified in His person to crush the head of the serpent, Gen 3:15.
f. Nicodemus could have known and should have known that the Messiah would be God born of a virgin (Gen 3:15; Isa 7:14; Gal 4:4) into the human family (Isa 9:6-7) to become the Redeemer of all that was promised in the tree of life but was lost in the sin of Adam, Gen 2:9,16-17; 3:22-24; Rev 2:7; 21:14. Had Adam obeyed God by eating of the tree of life and not eating of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, he would have qualified for the divine firstborn sonship. God made Adam ruler of all creation on the condition that he believe and obey, Gen 1:26-31; Ps 8:3-6; Heb 2:6-18; Rom 8:17-22,32; 4:13; 1Co 3:21-23.
g. Nicodemus could have known and should have known that the Messiah would God be born of a virgin (Gen 3:15; Isa 7:14; Gal 4:4) into the human family (Isa 9:6-7) in order to become the Testator of all the last will and testaments. Being the Redeemer and the Testator both require "death."
Not only the "death"
of the Redeemer and Testator but the divine birth of both body and spirit in resurrection was necessary to destroy "death"
and everything included in death's wake, which required crushing the head (authority and power) of the serpent, Gen 3:15 and
MESSIAH THE BRANCH
"There shall come forth a Rod from the stem of Jesse, and a Branch s1hall grow out of his roots.
2 "The Spirit of the LORD shall rest upon Him, the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, the Spirit of counsel and might, the Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD.
3 "His delight is in the fear of the LORD, and He shall not judge by
the sight of His eyes, nor decide by the hearing of His ears;
4 "But with righteousness He shall judge the poor, and decide with equity for the meek of the earth; He shall strike the earth with the rod of His mouth, and with the breath of His lips He shall slay the wicked.
5 "Righteousness shall be the belt of His loins, and faithfulness the belt of His waist," Isa 11:1-9.
1. A Branch Out of Jesse and out of David.
A concordance will provide a rich supply of prophetic references to the Branch (the Messiah) that would spring forth out of the trunk and roots of Jesse, therefore being the Son of David. The Pharisees answered that the Messiah would be the Son of David, but God had blinded them for the most part concerning the Messiah being the Son of God, Mt 22:41-45; Mk 12:35-37; Lk 20:41-44.
2. The Spirit of the Lord.
"And the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon Him..." Isa 11:2.
"The Spirit of the Lord God Is Upon Me..." Isa 61:1; Lk 4:18-19.
The Holy Spirit dwells only in the Father, the Son, and those who are in proper covenant standing. The Holy Spirit came by covenant promise upon the church as the covenant people, Jer 31:31-34; Heb 8:8-10; 10:16; Joel 2:28-32; Act 2:17-21. But this could not happen before Christ was crucified, died, was buried, and raised in a glorified (deified) body, Jn 7:39; Gal 4:4-7; Rom 8:23. The church (in a metaphor, a figure of speech) is called the body of Christ (1Co 12:12-27; Eph 1:22-23; 2:16; 4:11-16; 5:22-33; Col 1:18,24; et al), and was counted as the Lord's body when He instituted the Lord's Supper before He was crucified, Mt 26:26-28. The bread in the Lord's Supper represents both the Lord's body and the church as the Lord's body. As the body of Christ was crucified, died, was buried, and and born again in His resurrection, so the bodies of the members of the church are counted as crucified, dead, buried, and born again together with the body of Christ, Rom 6:2-13; 7:4-5; Gal 2:20; 5:24; Eph 2:1-16; 4:13-24; Col 2:9-21; 3:1-10; et al.
The Holy Spirit dwells only in those who possess the fullness of deity (Eph 1:22-23; 3:19; Col 2:9-21; 3:1-10), and on the basis that the church is counted as the deified (glorified) body of Christ and the bodies of the members of the church are counted as deified (glorified), the members of the church are therefore are qualified to possess the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, Jn 7:39; Gal 4:4-7; Rom 8:23.
2. The Branch of Righteousness.
5 "'Behold, the days are coming,' says the LORD, ‘that I will raise to David a Branch of righteousness; a King shall reign and prosper, and execute judgment and righteousness in the earth.
6 "‘In His days Judah will be saved, and Israel will dwell safely; now this is His name by which He will be called: the Lord our righteousness,'" Jer 23:5-6.
15 "In those days and at that time I will cause to grow up to David a Branch of righteousness; He shall execute judgment and righteousness in the earth.
16 "In those days Judah will be saved, and Jerusalem will dwell safely. And this is the name by which she will be called: the Lord our righteousness," Jer 33:15-16.
Compare these passages with Isa 11; 7:14;9:6-7; Ps 2:7-12; 110:1-4; et al. The harmony of these passage and many others like them require the following:
a. The Son of David is addressed in each passage as the Messiah who will rule over all nations.
b. The Son of David will be born of a virgin into the human family as the promised Messiah who will reign over all nations, Isa 7:14; 9:6-7.
c. The Son of David will be born again (a second time) into a divine state of being to sit at the right hand of the Father till His enemies be made His footstool, Ps 2:7-12; 110:1-4; Act 13:29-33; 1Co 15:44-50; et al.
d. The Son of David will be called "the Lord our righteous-ness," Jer 23:5-6; 33:15-16. This necessitates a new birth into God's divine state of being since all our righ-teoousnesses are as filthy rags, Isa 64:6; 2Co 5:21. The Scriptures point to the future resurrection when Christ returns as the time the faithful covenant people will receive new birth into the divine righteousness of God, Phi 3:9 (7-14,21.
e. The Son of David will clothe His bride in His righteous-ness when He returns, Isa 61:10-11; 62:1-3; Rev 19:7-8; Phi 3:9 (7-14,21). However, only the faithful covenant people who maintain the fervent spirit Paul describes in Phi 3:7-14 will qualify for this divine attire.
3. Creation will undergo a new birth when Christ returns.
6 "The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, the leopard shall lie down with the young goat, the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them.
7 "The cow and the bear shall graze; their young ones shall lie down together; and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.
8 "The nursing child shall play by the cobra's hole, and the weaned child shall put his hand in the viper's den.
9 "They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain, for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea," Isa 11:6-9.
28 "So Jesus said to them, "Assuredly I say to you, that in the regeneration (new birth), when the Son of Man sits on the throne of His glory, you who have followed Me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel," Mt 19:28.
22 "For we know that the whole creation groans and labors with birth pangs together until now," Rom 8:22.
The Kinsman Redeemer, the testament Testator of all the last will and testaments, will remove the curse placed on all creation after Adam sinned, Gen 3:16-19.
12 "For you shall go out with joy, and be led out with peace; the mountains and the hills shall break forth into singing before you, and all the trees of the field shall clap their hands.
13 "Instead of the thorn shall come up the cypress tree, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree; and it shall be to the LORD for a name, for an everlasting sign that shall not be cut off," Isa 55:12-13.
THE AVENGER OF BLOOD
9 "Behold, the day of the LORD comes, cruel, with both wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate; and He will destroy its sinners from it.
10 "For the stars of heaven and their constellations will not give their light; the sun will be darkened in its going forth, and the moon will not cause its light to shine.
11 "I will punish the world for its evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; I will halt the arrogance of the proud, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible.
12 "I will make a mortal more rare than fine gold, a man more than the golden wedge of Ophir.
13 "Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth will move out of her place, in the wrath of the LORD of hosts and in the day of His fierce anger," Isa 13:9-13.
The Redeemer is also the Avenger of blood, as discussed in a previous article. This is evident in the judgment of the flood in Noah's day, the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, the destruction of the Egyptian army in the Red Sea, the destruction of the nations in conquering and possessing the land of Canaan, in judgments upon Israel throughout their history, in the Gehenna judgment of the unfaithful saved, along with the final judgment of Rev 20:11-15
Christ is also our "refuge" (Heb 6:18-20), our city of refuge (Num 35:6,9-34), from the avenging judgments of Christ as the Avenger of blood. Christ is the Testator of the last will and testament who had to die in order for the testament to be "in force," but we must recognize that Christ is also the Avenger of blood; that is, Christ is the Testator who will also crush the head of the serpent and punish (Jn 5:22) all the descendants of Adam who will not flee to Him for refuge, Heb 6:18-20.
DEATH IS SWALLOWED UP IN VICTORY
8 "He will swallow up death forever, And the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from all faces; The rebuke of His people He will take away from all the earth; For the LORD has spoken," Isa 25:8; 1Co 15:54-55.
The Holy Spirit moved Paul to quote from this verse and emphasize the incorruptibility and immortality of the divine (heavenly, spirit) body, which Christ created in His resurrection birth, 1Co 15:54-55, 44-56; Col 1:18; Rev 1:5;Act 13:29-33; et al.
19 "Your dead shall live; together with my dead body they shall arise. Awake and sing, you who dwell in dust; for your dew is like the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead," Isa 26:19.
Here the "dew" of the morning is associated with resurrection of the body. Study the references given in a concordance of the word "dew."
1 "A Psalm of David. The LORD said to my Lord, 'Sit at My right hand, till I make Your enemies Your footstool.
2 "The LORD shall send the rod of Your strength out of Zion. Rule in the midst of Your enemies!
3 "Your people shall be volunteers In the day of Your power; in the beauties of holiness, from the womb of the morning, You have the dew of Your youth.
4 "The LORD has sworn and will not relent, 'You are a priest forever according to the order of Mel-chizedek,'" Ps 110:1-4.
The Son of God (the Messiah, the Redeemer, the Testator of the last will and testament) is here invited by the Father to be seated at His right hand and perform His heavenly ministry as Mediator of the last will and testament, after the order of Melchizedek. Observe especially the words, "from the womb of the morning, You have the dew of Your youth." Here the "womb of the morning" and the "dew" are again directly associated with the resurrection and divine birth of the human body of the Testator.
10 "I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for He has clothed me with the garments of salvation, He has covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decks himself with ornaments, and as a bride adorns herself with her jewels.
11 "For as the earth brings forth its bud, as the garden causes the things that are sown in it to spring forth, so the Lord GOD will cause righteousness and praise to spring forth before all the nations," Isa 61:10-11.
Read Isa 62:1-3 in continuing the verses just quoted above. The resurrection and glorification (deification) of the faithful covenant people is emphasized. The faithful covenant people will shine as stated by Daniel:
3 "Those who are wise shall shine Like the brightness of the firmament, and those who turn many to righteousness like the stars forever and ever," Dan 12:3.
3 "Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears, let him hear," Mt 13:43.
WAITING ON THE LORD
9 "And it will be said in that day: ‘Behold, this is our God; we have waited for Him, and He will save us. This is the LORD; we have waited for Him; we will be glad and rejoice in His salvation,'" Isa 25:9.
3 "You will keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on You, because he is trusting in You," Isa 26:3.
"8 Yes, in the way of Your judgments, O LORD, we have waited for You; the desire of our soul is for Your name and for the remembrance of You.
9 "With my soul I have desired You in the night, yes, by my spirit within me I will seek You early; for when Your judgments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the world will learn righteousness," Isa 26:8-9.
The Bible is a progressive revelation of the Testator's last will and testament generally termed Old Testament and New Testament. The Old Testament includes three major preliminary last will and testaments where the Son of God (the Messiah, Christ) was the Testator, symbolized by animal sacrifices:
1. God's covenant or testament with Adam. This covenant lasted until the Law Covenant was given, and would include the lifetime of Jethro and Balaam. The covenant was with Adam and all of his descendants who would believe and obey God's prescribed order of worship by grace through faith as Abel did, Gen 4:4; Heb 11:4.
2. God's covenant or testament with Abraham. This began to restrict the covenant promises to the seed of Abraham, and those who would join themselves to Abraham's household by circumcision and by grace through faith worship within the household of Abraham, Gen 17:1-14.
3. God's covenant or testament with Israel. This testament began with the Passover in Egypt, Israel's deliverance from Egypt in the Red Sea experience, and the giving of the Law Covenant at Mount Sinai. The Law Covenant lasted until the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ.