Firstborn Sonship of Christ
Vol 27 No 3
The New Birth
Series Number: 33 Continued
INTRODUCTION TO THE OLD TESTAMENT
DIVINE-HUMAN-DIVINE CORRELATION OF FUNCTIONS
JEHOVAH SERVANT IN HIS PERSONAL MINISTRY
3. The Qualifying ministry of the New Covenant High Priest.
This was the last point of consideration in the February issue of the paper. We will revise it somewhat as follows:
a. Knowledge of the Scriptures.
4 "The Lord GOD has given Me The tongue of the learned, That I should know how to speak a word in season to him who is weary. He awakens Me morning by morning, He awakens My ear to hear as the learned.
5 "The Lord GOD has opened My ear; and I was not rebellious, nor did I turn away," Isa 50:3-4; 42:4,7; 2:1-4; 11:1-5; Ps 22:8:9-10.
Jehovah's Servant in Isaiah 42 thru 53 is Jehovah in a human body, but He had to live a human life restricted to normal human experiences, but free from sin until He was made sin on the cross. He had to grow physically and in favor with God, as indicated above and in Lk 2:52.
Likewise, it was prophesied that He must learn, believe, and obey by the things He would suffer, Ps 22:9-10; Isa 49:4-10; 53; Heb 2:5-15; 5:8-10; 12:2; et al. Jehovah learned the law of Jehovah (the Scriptures) as a human, and He learned it perfectly. Therefore the whole earth will wait on His law, which is the law of Jehovah, Isa 50:3-10; 42:1,4,6,10; Lk 2:49.
b. Constant communion with God.
9 "But You are He who took Me out of the womb; You made Me trust while on My mother's breasts.
10 "I was cast upon You from birth. From My mother's womb You have been My God," Ps 22:9-10.
22 "I will declare Your name to My brethren; In the midst of the assembly I will praise You," Ps 22:22.
Read Ps 16:7-11 in the words of David of the sweet communion his divine Seed would have with the heavenly Father. Communing with God is a twofold experience: 1) reading God's Word and meditating (musing, studying, analyzing correlating, comparing, deliberating) on it – in this way God through the Holy Spirit is communing with us; 2) praying and singing praises to God is a manner in which we are communing with God. This includes the treasured art of listening to God – to the Holy Spirit as He silently talks to us while we meditate on His Word.
The prophecies and their prophetic fulfillment portray Christ as being thoroughly absorbed in both of these experiences. He often prayed late into the night, awoke and prayed early in the morning, and sometimes prayed all night long. Mt 4:1-10; Lk 2:49; 19:13; Mk 1:35; 6:46; Lk 6:12; 9:28; 11:1; Jn 11:41-42; 17. He listened and responded accordingly and fully as the Holy Spirit talked to His conscience.
c. Purity of Life.
5 "Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats," Ex 12:5,15-20.
9 "And they made His grave with the wicked -- but with the rich at His death, because He had done no violence, nor was any deceit in His mouth," Isa 53:9; 2Co 5:21; 2Pe 1:18-20.
The animal sacrifices had to be without blemish, and the food offerings had to be without leaven. Both of these requirements address the sinless life of Jehovah's Servant. The Seed of the woman (Gen 3:15), the Seed of Abraham (Gen 3:7; Gal 3:16-29), and the Son of David (Isa (:6-7), as the Messiah and as Jehovah's servant, was portrayed in myriads of sacrifices and meal or food offerings as the covenant Testator who must die for the sins of all of Adam's descendants, Jn 1:29,36; Rom 5:12; 2Pe 1:18-20.
The Testator, who must die for the sins of all Adam's race, must also be buried and be raised from the grave into a divine body promised in the tree of life, Gen 2:9; 3:20-24. The promised redemption from sin and death reached beyond being brought back into the original sinless state of Adam and Eve. The promise of redemption carried with it the promise of divine life offered in the tree of life.
d. Unselfish compassion.
6 "Sacrifice and offering You did not desire; My ears You have opened. Burnt offering and sin offering You did not require.
7 "Then I said, ‘Behold, I come; in the scroll of the book it is written of me.
8 "I delight to do Your will, O my God, And Your law is within My heart.'
9 "I have proclaimed the good news of righteousness in the great assembly; indeed, I do not restrain My lips, O LORD, You Yourself know.
10 "I have not hidden Your righteousness within My heart; I have declared Your faithfulness and Your salvation; I have not concealed Your lovingkindness and Your truth from the great assembly," Ps 40:6-10.
How could it be said more expressly and beautifully than these words that Jehovah gave through David in this prophecy? The emphasis at the moment is on His compassion for the souls of mankind as He did the will of the Father. As the Father so loved the world that He gave His only begotten and unique Son, so the Son so love the world that He gave His life to endure the unspeakably harsh ordeal of human life supremely dedicated to the redemption of those who will believe and obey by His grace. His giving His life included His daily life, the cruel rejection by the covenant people, and enduring God's wrath against sin on the cross.
e. Learning obedience.
4 "The Lord GOD has given Me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him who is weary. He awakens Me morning by morning, He awakens My ear to hear as the learned.
5 "The Lord GOD has opened My ear; and I was not rebellious, nor did I turn away.
6 "I gave My back to those who struck Me, and My cheeks to those who plucked out the beard; I did not hide My face from shame and spitting.
7 " For the Lord GOD will help Me; therefore I will not be disgraced; therefore I have set My face like a flint, and I know that I will not be ashamed," Isa 50:4-7.
13 "Behold, My Servant shall deal prudently; He shall be exalted and extolled and be very high.
14 "Just as many were astonished at you, So His visage was marred more than any man, and His form more than the sons of men," Isa 52:13-14.
It was prophesied that the Messiah must endure many hardships and much suffering. He would come to His own and be despised and rejected by them:
3 "He is despised and rejected by men, a Man of sorrows and acquainted with grief. And we hid, as it were, our faces from Him; He was despised, and we did not esteem Him.
4 "Surely He has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed Him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted," Isa 53:3-4.
The New Covenant verifies that "He learned obedience by the thing He suffered," Heb 5:8.
f. Willing to suffer.
5 "Therefore, when He came into the world, He said: ‘Sacrifice and offering You did not desire, but a body You have prepared for Me.
6 "‘In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You had no pleasure.'
7 "Then I said, 'Behold, I have come – In the volume of the book it is written of Me – To do Your will, O God.'
8 "Previously saying, ‘Sacrifice and offering, burnt offerings, and offerings for sin You did not desire, nor had pleasure in them' (which are offered according to the law),
9 "Then He said, ‘Behold, I have come to do Your will, O God.' He takes away the first that He may establish the second.
10 "By that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.," Heb 10:5-10.
Here the emphasis from this passage is on the "will" (the willingness) of Jehovah Servant. The shame and suffering leading to the cross were unspeakable as He daily bore our sins and griefs in His bosom, Ps 69:9,19-21; 89:49-51. Jehovah grievously bore in His bosom the sins of man whom He created, Gen 6:6. Accordingly, Jehovah "endured with much longsuffering (forbearance) the vessels of wrath prepared for destruction," Rom 9:22-23. And in this same bosom-bearing or heartfelt way, the Holy Spirit is both sympathetic and jealous over us for the sake of God's righteousness, Rom 8:26-27; Ja 4:4-6.
g. Qualifying to rule.
9 "And they made His grave with the wicked -- but with the rich at His death, because He had done no violence, nor was any deceit in His mouth.
10 "Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise Him; He has put Him to grief. When You make His soul an offering for sin, He shall see His seed, He shall prolong His days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in His hand," Isa 53:9-10.
Jehovah Servant was prophesied to be made a "sin offering." In the Garden of Eden, the sacrificial animals had their skins removed from them, which required their death. And judging from the rest of the Bible, their bodies, except for the skins, were evidently burned on an altar. The skins, however, were put on Adam and Eve to cover their nakedness which resulted from their sin, Gen 3:21.
Clothing the naked human body thereby became a major covenant requirement throughout the Bible. At first it was merely clothing the body. Clothing the body with skins of sacrificial animals was initially emphasized, though later other materials were used; still keeping the body clothed was a covenant requirement, Gen 9:20-27.
Under the Law Covenant the human sin nature was emphasized by numerous prescribed physical defilements such as touching a dead body, a body with a running issue, leprosy, or touching anything that was prescribed as defiled, etc. This required bathing the whole body and washing the garments worn at the time of defilement, Lev 15. Touching a dead body also required a seven day cleansing period, Num 19.
In the New Testament or New Covenant, all unfaithful activities are counted as defiling one's spiritual garments, Mt 22:11-13; Rev 3:4-5,17-18; 7:13-14; 16:15; 2:14. We are to be constantly cleansing our garments by confessing our sins and walking faithfully according to the Gospel in order to be clothed in the righteousness of God when Christ returns, Ps 17:15; Isa 54:17; 61:10; Jer 23:5-6; Rev 3:4,17-18; 7:14; 16:15; 19:7-8.
The dead, diseased, or defiled body represents our Adamic sin nature which we inherited through natural birth, Gen 3:1-7,15; Ps 51:5; 58:3; Rom 5:12; Eph 2:3; Ja 1:15. Jehovah's Servant must die as a "sin offering" for the sins of all mankind, as stated in Isa 53:10. The diligent Old Testament saints should certainly have understood from the Scriptures the correlation between the Messiah and Jehovah's Servant, and that the Messiah must die the death of the Testament Testator as a "sin offering," Gen 3:15,21; 8:20-22; 15:6-18; Ex 24:3-8; Heb 9:11-28. The divine resurrection birth of Jehovah's Servant was prophesied and portrayed in symbolic ceremonies throughout the Old Testament. The resurrection birth was a Messianic requirement in order to rule. This will be touched on after we briefly look at the New Covenant temple and the discipline of all the covenants.
4. The Holy Temple of the New Covenant and the New Covenant priesthood.
12 "Then speak to him, saying, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, saying: "Behold, the Man whose name is the BRANCH! From His place He shall branch out, and He shall build the temple of the LORD;
13 "Yes, He shall build the temple of the LORD. He shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule on His throne; so He shall be a priest on His throne, and the counsel of peace shall be between them both," Zec 6:12-13.
a. The Branch is Jehovah in a human body.
The Man whose name is the "Branch" (the human side) also bears the name "Jehovah our righteousness" (Jer 23:5-6), and is therefore Jehovah God in a human body – the "Branch" signifies that He is the Branch out of Jessie and the Seed of David, Isa 7:14; 9:6-7; 11:1-16. How could the Pharisees have missed the obvious correlations of the numerous passages, which so clearly declare that the Son of David would be Jehovah, born of a virgin into a human body? The answer is that God blinded their eyes, dulled their ears, and hardened their hearts (Isa 6;9-12), instead of giving them understanding and visions from heaven as He did to Isaiah (Isa 6:1-8; Dan 7) and so many other prophets.
b. The Branch would build a future temple of God.
Did the Jews expect a new temple to be built? Ezekiel 40 thru 48 appears to teach that another temple would be build, Daniel 8:13-14; 9:26-27; 11:31; and 12:7,11 teach the same, Matthew 24:15 likewise requires a rebuilt temple, and the Jews today are reportedly planning to build one. But could Old Testament saints look for anything different, such as the spiritual temple, which the church is counted as today, and what it will be eternally? Eph 1:22-23; 2:21-22; 3:21. It will exist eternally in its glorified form, and will include all the faithful covenant descendants of Adam. How could the Old Testaments Saints have known this?
Abraham desired to see the day of the Lord, and saw it and was glad, Jn 8:56. We should not be surprised that he was given a vision tour of the Millennial kingdom and saw many kingdom related things, including the human Jehovah and His companions in shining deified bodies. David prophesied of seeing Jehovah's face in divine righteousness when he awakes in His glorified likeness, Ps 15:17. The Messiah through righteous obedience would often sing this psalm (Ps 15) with all the Psalms (Ps 22:22), and Jesus did, Heb 2:12. And Jesus understand them to apply to His human life as the Seed of David under the rigid Law Covenant discipline, which required perfection within a very sinful environment, Mt 12:41-45; 23:34-36. Jesus also understood that the earthy body He received from the first Adam would be born again into the heavenly body He would create in His resurrection, Ps 16:7-11; 1Co 15:44-50.
This is the heavenly, deified, flesh body (Lk 24;36-40; 1Co 15:44-50; 2Pe 1:4) into which Job understood his Redeemer and the faithful saints would be resurrected, Job 19:25-27. Daniel prophesied that the faithful covenant people would shine as the brightness of the stars and as the firmament for ever and ever, Dan 12:3. When Moses came forth from the presence of the Lord, his face shined so brightly the people could not look at him, Ex 34:29-35.
Malachi prophesied of the Messiah as the "Sun of righteousness," Mal 4:2. Isaiah prophesied that the redeemed and glorified covenant people would shine forth as brightness and their salvation as a lamp that is burning, Isa 60:1-3,19-20; 61:10; 62:1-2. See how all this corresponds with the New Testament, Mt 13:43; 17:2; Mk 9:3; Lk 9:31; Act 9:3-7,17-18; 22:6-13; 26:13-15; Rev 21:23-24.
1) Living stones, a spiritual temple. All the above references are addressing a heavenly (glorified, deified, divine, spirit) temple of the faithful covenant people:
4 "Coming to Him as to a living stone, rejected indeed by men, but chosen by God and precious,
5 "You also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.....
9 "But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light," 1Pe 2:4-5,9.
Here we have first the local church, the only official body on earth that can perform the Great Commission, Mt 28:18-20: Act 1:8. The organization of the first church will be the subject of brief discussion shortly. At the moment we are addressing the priesthood of the church.
The faithful covenant people of both Old and New Testaments are also here brought prospectively together into one spiritual, living temple. We are given a prospective, futuristic, or prophetic view of the temple of God as a special nation or kingdom of divine people, Gen 12:1-3; Ex 19:4-6; Deu 7:6-11; 25:16-19; Mal 3:16-17; 1Pe 2:4-9. We see this assembly all together before God in the book of Revelation, Rev 7:9-17; 15:1-4. The one hundred forty-four thousand appears to be a symbolic number.
"His marvelous light" evidently speaks of both physical light and spiritual understanding (which broadly will include the whole range of the divine attributes of God). This relationship and experience are currently found only in a true local church, metaphorically called the body of Christ, from which the unfaithful covenant people are cut off (Jn 15:1-6; 2Pe 1:5-10; et al), and will be in the nations on the new earth, Mt 18:17; Rev 21:23-26; 22:1-2.
2) Transformed into the kingdom of light.
12 "Giving thanks to the Father who has qualified us to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in the light.
13 "He has delivered us from the power of darkness and conveyed us into the kingdom of the Son of His love," Col 1:12-13; Act 26:18.
Paul was to turn people from darkness to light and from Satan to God, Act 26:18. And when the unfaithful must be put out of the church, the church is using the keys of the kingdom to delivered them back to Satan and his kingdom of darkness, Mt 16:18; 18:15-18; 1Co 5:5. The church is again a local church, and the kingdom (in this sense) is seen only in the local church, which is the embassy of the kingdom, 2Co 5:18-20.
3) Living and walking in a living temple.
11 "I will set My tabernacle in you, and My soul shall not abhor you.
12 "I will walk in you and be your God, and you shall be My people," Lev 26:11-12.
16 "And what agreement has the temple of God with idols? For you are the temple of the living God. As God has said: ‘I will dwell in them and walk in them. I will be their God, And they shall be My people,'" 2Co 6:16.
The church at Corinth represented the body of Christ, as is true with each local church, 1Co 3:16; 2Co 6:16. Each local church is independent and has no authority to govern the members of another local church, 1Co 5; 2Co 2:5-6. Though the temple of God is a true local church, in the prophetic projection, the faithful covenant people of both Old and New Testaments will be one and the same temple, church, or kingdom after Christ returns. The unfaithful will be cut off from Christ and will be among the nations on the new earth, Mt 18:17; Rev 21:23-26; 22:1-2. In Christ (in the body of Christ) there is only one nation of special people, Gen 12:1-3; Ex 19:4-6; Rom 11:11-22; Gal 3:6-29; Eph 2:10-22; 1Pe 2:9.
c. The Tabernacle as a type of the New Covenant temple.
8 "And let them make Me a sanctuary, that I may dwell among them.
9 "According to all that I show you, that is, the pattern of the tabernacle and the pattern of all its furnishings, just so you shall make it," Ex 25:8-9.
4 "For if He were on earth, He would not be a priest, since there are priests who offer the gifts according to the Law;
5 "Who serve the copy and shadow of the heavenly things, as Moses was divinely instructed when he was about to make the tabernacle. For He said, ‘See that you make all things according to the pattern shown you on the mountain,'" Heb 8:4-5.
The Old Testament temple was built after the pattern of the tabernacle, but it also was a pattern of the New Covenant temple. The church is currently that New Covenant temple. The New Covenant temple, as it will be when Christ returns, has been in the process of being built up since the beginning with Adam and Eve. All the faithful covenant people of all ages will make up the New Covenant temple when Christ returns. Currently, of course, the New Covenant temple is a true local church.
The final temple of God will be the New Jerusalem, Rev 21:2-3,9-10 (1 thru 27); 22:1-2. And according to Heb 11:8-16, all the truly faithful of Old and New Testaments saints were and are looking for the heavenly city, the New Jerusalem. The Father, the Son, the Holy Spirit, and the faithful covenant people will dwell in and will constitute that divine city or temple, Eph 2:21-22; Rev 7:15; 21:22. God will tabernacle in and upon the faithful covenant people and they will all be "one" in each other; this "oneness" signifies that they will all possess the divine nature, 2Pe 1:4; Eph 1:22-23; 3:19; 5:31; Col 1:19; 2:9-10; Jn 10:30-36; 14:8-11; 17:21-23.
d. The initial temple the Branch Servant built.
We have seen that the Branch is the Messiah, the Son of David, and therefore the Christ, Isa 9:6-7; Jer 23:5-6. We have also seen that the Messiah would be a Priest after the order of Melchizedek (Ps 110:1-4), which requires 1) a new priesthood (Heb 7), 2) a new covenant (Jer 31:31-34), and 3) a new and living temple, Zec 6:12-13.
This living temple is made up of living people, metaphorically reckoned to be the deified body of Christ. And therefore their bodies are metaphorically reckoned to be crucified, dead, buried, raised, and deified together with Christ within the deified body of Christ, Col 2:9-21; 3:1-10; 1Co 15:44-50; 2Co 5:16-17; Eph 4:22-24. Their bodies are now metaphorically called (reckoned to be) the deified members of the deified human body of Christ.
The Holy Spirit dwells (at home, as His temple) ONLY in glorified bodies, which bodies are deified bodies. Christ's physical body had no sin, and was reckoned (counted, portrayed as being deified by virtue of John's baptism Mt 3:15. Jesus said, "Permit it to be so now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness," Mt 3:14. All righteousness was fulfilled 1) by the virgin birth, vicarious sinless life, death, burial, and the resurrection birth (new birth, divine birth) of the body of Christ, and, 2) by the faithful covenant people bearing about in their bodies the dying and resurrection life of Christ, 2Co 3:18; 4:7-12; Rom 12:1-2; Eph 4:11-24; Col 3:1-10; et al.
Christ's body had to be glorified (deified) before the Holy Spirit could take up dwelling in the bodies of members of church, which is called His deified body, Jn 7:39; Gal 4:4-7; Rom 8:23. The bodies of the members of the church are not yet deified, therefore the Holy Spirit was given as "the firstfruits of the Spirit," as a guarantee of receiving the deified body when Christ returns ("in the day of redemption", Eph 4:30), providing they bear about in their bodies the dying and the resurrection life of Christ, 2Co 4:7-12,17; 5:1-21; Eph 4:11-31.
This is understood on the basis of the metaphor presented in Rom 4:17, where we are told that God is constantly speaking of things which be not as though they were (types, symbols, parables, allegories, and various figures of speech), in both Old and New Testaments, Mt 13:10-17. The church is spoken of as being "the body of Christ," 1Co 3:16-17; 6:15-17; 10:16-17; 11:24-29; 12:12-27; et al. In a metaphor, church members are addressed as being deified members of the deified body of Christ, possessing the fullness of the divine nature which resides at home in the body of Christ, Jn 7:39; Gal 4:4-7; Rom 8:23; 2Pe 1:4; Col 2:9-10; 2Co 5:16-177; Eph 1:22-23; 3:19; 4:13,22-24; 5:31-32; Jn 10:30-36; 14:8-11; 17:21-23.
This reckoning, or metaphor, or metaphoric reckoning is a major factor in receiving the Holy Spirit and in understanding the Scriptures. The church could not receive the Holy Spirit because Christ was not yet glorified – His human body was not yet deified, Jn 7:39. Christ was God in a mere human body. His flesh body required food, water, rest, and sleep; was governed by heat, cold, distance, time, and physical objects; and could be crucified and die. None of these things are required, can restrict, or in any way affect a divine body.
Before the cross, the church was counted as being the body of Christ (a metaphor), Mt 26:26-28; Rom 4:17. Eating the bread of the Lord's Supper symbolizes eating Christ's flesh and being "one body" with Him, 1Co 5:7-8; 10:16-18; 11:27-29; 12:12-13. Only after Christ's human body was deified could the church be counted as deified and therefore receive the firstfruits of the Holy Spirit as a guarantee of deification of their human bodies in the day of redemption when Christ returns, Gal 4:4-7; Rom 8:23; 2Co 5:1-5; Eph 4:30.
Water baptism is a symbolic ordinance that portrays the Gospel; the death, burial, and new birth or divine birth resurrection of the human body of Christ, Rom 6:3-6; 1Co 12:12-13; Gal 3:27; Col 1:18; Rev 1:5; Act 13:29-33; Heb 1:5-6; 5:5-6; 1Co 15:1-3,44-50. This symbolism is efficacious in every scriptural water baptism. With the proper confession of faith and vote of the church, the baptized person is metaphorically joined to the body of Christ, which the church metaphorically is said to be, Rom 6:2-6; 1Co 12:12-13; Gal 3:27.
Being thus "joined" to Christ (1Co 6:15-17), that newly baptized church member can and must grow up into Christ together with the other members of the body, Rom 6:5; Eph 4:11-16.
Jesus said to John, "Permit it to be so now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness," Mt 3:15. The word "Thus" means "like this," "in this manner." In this manner we will fulfill all righteousness. Baptism does not fulfill all righteousness, but it symbolically pictures the fulfilling of all righteousness. In the church age one cannot scripturally walk by grace through faith and fulfill the righteousness of God without John's baptism.
Initially, water baptism represents our repentance, formal confession of faith in Christ before the church, and submission to John's baptism.
Without this baptism the believing person rejects the counsel of God against himself, Lk 7:29-30. He also rejects the circumcision of Christ (Col 2:11-13), which is the same baptism of John. He further rejects the doctrine of Christ (2Jn 9-11), which also requires the baptism of John. Christ received John's baptism and has perpetuated that baptism through true local churches over the centuries, Mt 28:18-20.
5. The Messiah Servant in His Resurrection Glory.
10 "Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise Him; He has put Him to grief. When You make His soul an offering for sin, He shall see His seed, He shall prolong His days, And the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in His hand.
11 "He shall see the labor of His soul, and be satisfied. By His knowledge My righteous Servant shall justify many, for He shall bear their iniquities.
12 "Therefore I will divide Him a portion with the great, and He shall divide the spoil with the strong, because He poured out His soul unto death, and He was numbered with the transgressors, and He bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors," Isa 53:10-12.
Again we remind ourselves concerning Jehovah's Servant of Isa 42 through 53 that:
a. Jehovah's Servant is Jehovah as a Servant, born of a virgin into a human body (Isa 7:14; 9:6-7), and qualified through a vicarious sinless life, death, burial, and divine resurrection birth to sit on David's throne and rule the world in righteousness, Isa 42 thru 53; Ps 2:7-12; 16:7-11; 22; 40:5-8l 45:1-8; 89:26-37; 110:1-4; Zec 12:10.
b. Jehovah's Servant is Jehovah as the Branch, born of a virgin into a human body (Isa 7:14; 9:6-7), and qualified through a vicarious sinless life, death, burial, and divine resurrection birth to sit on David's throne and rule the world in righteousness, Jer 23:5-8; 33:15-26; Isa 11:1-10; 42 thru 53. All the above scriptures.
c. Jehovah's Servant is Jehovah as the Son of God, born of a virgin into a human body (Isa 7:14; 9:6-7), and qualified through a vicarious sinless life, death, burial, and divine resurrection birth to sit on David's throne and rule the world in righteousness, Isa 7:14; 9:6-7; Ps 2:7-12. All the above scriptures.
d. Jehovah's Servant is Jehovah as the Son of Man, born of a virgin into a human body (Isa 7:14; 9:6-7), and qualified through a vicarious sinless life, death, burial, and divine resurrection birth to sit on David's throne and rule the world in righteousness, Dan 7:13-14; Ps 8:3-6. All the above scriptures.
e. Jehovah's Servant is Jehovah as the Son of David, born of a virgin into a human body (Isa 7:14; 9:6-7), and qualified through a vicarious sinless life, death, burial, and divine resurrection birth to sit on David's throne and rule the world in righteousness, Isa 7:14; 9:6-7. All the above scriptures.
f. Jehovah's Servant is Jehovah as the Seed of the woman, born of a virgin into a human body (Isa 7:14; 9:6-7), and qualified through a vicarious sinless life, death, burial, and divine resurrection birth to sit on David's throne and rule the world in righteousness, Gen 3:15: Isa 7:14; 9:6-7. All the above scriptures.
g. Jehovah's Servant is Jehovah as the promised Redeemer and Messiah, born of a virgin into a human body (Isa 7:14; 9:6-7), and qualified through a vicarious sinless life, death, burial, and divine resurrection birth to sit on David's throne and rule the world in righteousness, Gen 3:15; Job 19:25-27. Isa 41 thru 63.
h. Jehovah's Servant is Jehovah as the covenant Testator, born of a virgin into a human body (Isa 7:14; 9:6-7), and qualified through a vicarious sinless life, death, burial, and divine resurrection birth to sit on David's throne and rule the world in righteousness, Gen 3:15-21; 8:20-22; 15:8-18; Ex 24:6-8; Heb 9:11-27; et al.
All the identities given above such as Testator, Redeemer, Seed of the woman, Son of God, Son of Man, Son of David, Branch, Servant, Messiah, Christ, etc., all apply to one and the same Person. And that one Person is Jehovah in a human body, regardless of the many titles given to Him in the Scriptures.
Here in Isaiah 53, a brief sweep of the life of the Servant Messiah is given from birth as a human to the resurrection birth of that human body into a glorified (divine, deified) state of being.