FIRSTBORN SONSHIP OF CHRIST
Volume Six Chapter Five
The New Birth
INTRODUCTION TO THE OLD TESTAMENT
"In the beginning God created the heavens and the
earth," Gen 1:1.
The word translated
"God," is from the Hebrew
word "Elohim." In English
one is singular and two or more are plural, but in Hebrew one is
singular, two are dual, and three or more are plural.
"Elohim" is plural
signifying three or more, obviously referring to the Father, the
Son, and the Holy Spirit, as we quickly see in the words
"And God (Elohim) said, ‘let Us make man in our image, after our
likeness,'" Gen 1:26; Isa 48:16; 11:1-16.
This plurality and yet
oneness of the Godhead is seen in many passages in the Old
Testament as well as the New Testament. We will reference and
discuss passages where the Father addresses the Son as Lord and
God, eternal, and coexistent with the Father.
The words "Lord God" (Jehovah Elohim) are used
beginning in Gen 2:4. It is the Lord God who is speaking in Zec
12:10, where He said, "And they will
look upon Me whom they have pierced." This speaks of
the time when the heavens will be rolled back (Dan 7:9-14; Ps 2;
Rev 6:12-17) and the return of Christ in a deified body, but also
speaks of the humanity of Christ when He was crucified. The Jews
should have understood the crucifixion of their Messiah was
With Us," Isa 7:14; 9:6-7. These Old Testament
passages reveal that God (the Son of God) was born into a human
body as an infant and became a human being through the virgin
birth. "The Word became flesh and dwelt
among us," Jn 1:1-3,14. Isaiah says that the Son of
God in this human body would sit upon the throne of David
"from henceforth even for
ever," Isa 9:6-7. The Old Testament requires that the
Son of David 1) would be God (Isa
7:14; 9:6-7), 2) would be the
testament Testator and Redeemer (Gen 3:1-24), 3) would be the Seed of the woman (Gen 3:15),
4) would be the Messiah (Gen 3:15; Isa
9:6-7), 5) would be born of a virgin
(Gen 3:15; Isa 7:14), 6) would live a
perfect life in a human body, 7) would
be made a sin offering, 8) would die
for the sins of the world as the Testator (Gen 2:21; Isa
53:10-12), 9) would be buried (Gen
3:19), 10) would be born again into a divine human body in His
resurrection from the dead (Gen 3:15; Ps 2:7-12; Isa 9:6-7),
11) would ascend back to heaven and be
seated at the right hand of the Father (Ps 110:1), 12) would intercede for the covenant people
through this age (Ps 104:1-4), will descend back to the earth and
deify His faithful covenant people, (1Th 4:13-18; 1Co 15:44-58),
13) will sit on David's throne in
Jerusalem (Zec 14:1-4; Isa 9:6-7), 14)
will coordinate with the Father in executing just wrath upon the
nations (Ps 2:1-6; Dan 7:9-24), 15)
will put Satan, fallen angels, and all evil spirits in hell for
the Millennial age, 16) will remove
the curse placed on the earth and on all creation (Isa 11:1-9;
Rom 8:19-22), and 17) will rule all
nations as the true Prince of peace with His deified saints
(firstborn sons) for the Millennium, Gen 3:1-3; Isa 11:1-9; Rev
We will observe in the
passages to follow that the Messiah (Christ) is called Elohim,
Immanuel, Jehovah Elohim, the mighty God, the Everlasting Father,
the Son of God, the Son of man, the Son of David, Jehovah's
Servant, Israel's Redeemer, Jesus Christ, etc. In this
harmony of Old Testament passages, He is God in a human body,
born of a virgin, lived a perfect life, was crucified, was made a
sin offering, died for our sins, descended into hell and
paradise, ascended out of the heart of the earth in a born again
(deified body) resurrection, removed paradise from the center of
the earth to the third heaven, is now seated at the right hand of
the Father, is interceding for the saints, will descend back to
the earth in great glory for the new birth (the regeneration (Mt
19:28) of the faithful covenant people, and fulfill the
prophecies of the day of the Lord.
THEY SHALL LOOK UPON ME WHOM THEY PIERCED
"For dogs have surrounded Me; The congregation of the wicked
has enclosed Me. They pierced My hands and My feet,"
"Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise Him; He has put Him to
grief. When You make His soul an offering for
sin...," Isa 53:10.
I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of
Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will
look on Me whom have they pierced. Yes, they will mourn for Him
as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves
for a firstborn," Zec 12:10).
The Speaker here Who was
pierced is Jehovah Elohim. Nicodemus and all the Jews should have
understood that Jehovah Elohim (as the Son of David) would
experience the crucifixion as noted here and in Ps 22:10. It
appears Simeon and Anna, for instance, understood this clearly,
Lk 2:25-38. Evidently, they understood the redemption cycle, and
they understood that the Redeemer would be God, born into the
human race through a virgin birth, and would fulfill the
redemption cycle through human life, sacrificial death, burial,
resurrection into a divine human body, etc.
Elohim is the word for God,
and Jehovah is the name of God. Jehovah Elohim is speaking in Zec
12:10 above and throughout that chapter. The occasion projected
in Zec 12 is the time when the heavens will be rolled back, Ps 2;
Dan 7:9-10,13-14; Rev 6:12-17; Jn 1:51. It is then that the Jews
will mourn grievously, for they will recognize that Jehovah
Elohim was and is the true Messiah whom they crucified.
MESSIAH SHALL BE CUT OFF
"And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but
not for Himself; and the people of the prince who is to come hall
destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end of it shall be with a
flood, and till the end of the war desolations are
determined," Dan 9:26.
This verse does not stand
alone. To the contrary, as we will see, the Old Testament is
filled with explicit passages and with daily symbolic
representations of the Messiah being put to death as a sin
offering for the sins of the covenant people and for the sins of
the world. Indeed, the Old Testament is replete with passages and
types addressing the resurrection birth of Christ and the
A BODY YOU HAVE PREPARED FOR ME
body You have prepared for Me," Ps 40:6-8, LXX. Heb
10:5-8 is a quote from the Septuagint (LXX). "My ear you have opened," speaks of the
ear of the body of Christ, whose ears (heart) God had opened
through the Holy Spirit to know: 1)
that He was the Messiah, 2) that He
was to do the "will" of the
Father in His human body (Ps 40:6-10; Heb 2:9-13), 3) that the Father's "will" was that His human body was to be
"an offering for sin" – a
sin offering (Isa 53:10; Lev 4; 5; and 6), for the sins of the
covenant people and for the world (Isa 53; 45:22), 4) that He must live an unblemished life (Lev 1
thru 7; Isa 53:9), and 5) that by
means of this body He would sanctify and justify (deify) the
faithful covenant people, Isa 53; Heb 2:5-13; 10:5-10; Rom
4:24-25; 1Co 15:44-40; Phi 3:9 (7-14,21).
This reveals that the bodies
of animal sacrifices throughout the Old Testament represented the
offering of the sinless human body of the Messiah as the only
true sin offering. This statement ("a
body You have prepared Me") is sandwiched in between
two statements which say that God rejected the bodies and blood
of animal sacrifices on the basis that they cannot take away sin,
Study these passages (Ps
40:6-8; Heb 10:4-6) which clearly reveal what we already know –
that the bodies of animal sacrifices represented the flesh body
of Christ, and that the covenant people are metaphorically
counted as being that body of Christ in order that their bodies
also may be counted as being crucified, dead, buried, and born
again together with Him in His resurrection, Rom 6:2-6; 7:4-6;
Gal 2:20; 5:24; Heb 10:10-19; Eph 2:10-16; 4:22-24; Col 2:9-21;
3:1-10; 2Co 16-17; et al.
Nicodemus and all the Old
Testament covenant people should have been well aware of this
fact. Those animals did not sin: it was man that sinned, and man
must be punished and die as a sin offering in the person of the
Messiah for man's sin. Likewise, it was and is more than
adequately discernable from the Old Testament that the Messiah
would be raised from the dead in a divine body, as we will see
THE SEED OF THE WOMAN
"And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and
between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, and
you shall bruise His heel," Gen 3:15.
The "Seed of the woman" refers specifically
to the miraculous virgin birth, otherwise the expression would be
"Seed of man." The Seed of
woman would be God in a human body – "Immanuel," "God with us."
When Adam sinned, God said the serpent (Satan) would crush the
heel of the Seed of the woman, but that the Seed of the woman
would crush the head of Satan, Gen 3:15. The Seed of woman would
qualify in both divine and human status as One with the inherent
authority and power to put away the super human authority and
power of Satan. Only the divine Seed of woman would qualify as
the divine Redeemer. His qualifying support would be by the Holy
Spirit by divine appointment and by prophetic utterance, Isa
11:1-9; 42:1; 49:8-9; 61:1-2; Zec 4:6.
A major factor here is that
the warfare would be between Satan and the Seed of the woman –
this struggle has raged from the fall of man, and is still exists
in every facet of life. The most vicious thrusts were from the
virgin birth to the resurrection of Christ, and though the
victory has been won by Christ, the constant life-destroying
thrusts of Satan still rage in the hearts and lives of all
mankind, especially against the faithful covenant people.
God killed the animals to
clothe Adam and Eve and hide their nakedness (these animals were
no doubt of the firstborn of the flock, as Abel's offerings
were, Gen 4:4), but we can be assured that God did not leave Adam
and Eve without explanation and instructions, which produced what
is revealed by Abel offering of the "firstborn of the flock," Gen 4:4-7.
The blood that cleanses from
sin is the blood of Christ (Heb 10:4; 9:12), not the blood of
animals. The body that sanctifies the covenant people is the body
of Christ (Heb 10:10), which includes our bodies as members of
His body (Rom 12:1-2; 1Co 6:15-17), not the bodies of animals
offered in sacrifice.
Further correlation of Old
Testament passages will require that the physical body of the
Lamb of God be born again into a divine body in His resurrection.
Also from Old Testament passages we will observe that the divine
birth of Christ's body is to be followed by the new and
divine birth of the bodies of the faithful covenant people when
Christ returns. This is what was offered in the tree of life. The
Lamb of God is the Son of David, who is both Son of God and Son
of man and will reign on David's throne forever in a born
again, deified human body, Isa 9:6-7; Dan 2:34-45; 7:13-14,26-27;
12:2-3; Mal 4:2. This governing authority was given to Adam when
he was commissioned to have dominion over all of God's
creation, Gen 1:26-31; Ps 8:3-6; Heb 2:5-10.
Servant," Isa 52:13-15; 53:1-12. The Lord's
servant is Israel, yet the Lord's Servant (a suffering
Servant Redeemer) is also "God with
us," (the Christ, the Son of David), who will reign
on David's throne forever. Nicodemus and most of the Jews
failed to recognize this necessary correlation of the Messiah
with the suffering Servant, Isa 49:1-7; 50:5-7 (Ps 40:6-10; Heb
10:5-8); 53:13-15; 53:1-12.
Of paramount importance is
the "oneness" of the Messiah
and the covenant people. We have emphasized this in the New
Testament, and now we will see that same "oneness" predestined by the Testator
all through the Old Testament – Christ and His faithful covenant
people of both Old and New Testaments are predestined to be
"one" with the Father, the
Son, and the Holy Spirit, Eph 1:22-23; 3:19; 5:31-32; Col 1:19;
2:9-12; Jn 10:30-36; 14:8-11; 17:21-23; et al.
Here in Isaiah chapters 41
through 53 it is hard to discern when the Spirit is addressing
Israel or the "Servant."
They appear to be the same, and yet both are clearly under
consideration. Jehovah addresses Israel as His servant, and then
addresses Himself as His Servant – "I am
He." It is imperative that we see the faithful
covenant people and the Messiah in a unique oneness, and see the
faithful covenant people predestined to share that divine oneness
with the Godhead. See scriptures immediately above.
These Old Testament passages
also require the body of this suffering Servant to be born again
into a divine body. And let it be emphasized again and again that
"justification" is with
reference to and finalized in the divine new birth of the
faithful covenant people when Christ returns, Rom 4:24-25; Phi
3:9 (7-14,21); Mt 5:9,44-45; 6:33; 8:5-12; 12:44-50; 2Co 6:14-18;
2Pe 1:4 (4-10); et al. We are credited as being justified and
therefore being the sons of God now, and are given the Holy
Spirit on the basis of that reckoning; if we are unfaithful in
holy and righteous living, we will forfeit the firstborn sonship
and end up as slave sons, Gal 4:21-31; 5:1-5; Heb 12:8,15-29; Eze
3:20; 18:24; 33:12-13; et al.
"Sacrifice and offering You did not desire, but a body You
have prepared for me," Ps 40:6; Heb 10:5. And that
body was without blemish (Lev 1 thru 6; 1Pe 1:18-19),
"because He had done no wickedness,
neither was any deceit in His mouth," Isa 53:9. The
Son of David, who was "God with
us," was made an offering for our sins, Isa
Nicodemus knew that a sin
offering had to be without blemish, Lev 4 and 5. Isa 53 requires
that Jehovah's Servant (the Messiah) be that "sin offering." And, as we shall later
see, the sin offering required the justification of the one who
by faith brought the sin offering. In addition, as we have
already seen and will continue to see, justification is finalized
in the giving of divine "life" into the bodies of the faithful
covenant people in the resurrection, Isa 53:11; 54:17; Mt 6:33;
Rom 4:24-25; 5:18-21; 2Co 5:21; Phi 3:9 (7-14,21); 2Ti 4:8; Rev
19:7-8. For the Messiah to give divine life to the covenant
people (Isa 53:11), He Himself must have a divine body, which is
a "life-giving spirit" body,
1Co 15:44-50. Justification in this life promises divine life and
provides the hope of divine life in the resurrection (Rom
4:24-25; Ti 3:7); and if we are faithful by grace through faith
in this life, then righteousness will reign by grace through
faith into divine life in the resurrection, Rom 5:19-21; Ti 3:7;
ACCURSED OF GOD
that is hanged is accursed of God," Deu 21:22-23; Zec
12:10; Ps 22:16; Gal 3:13. The studious, spiritually taught,
discerning mind (probably Simeon and Anna were such people, Lk
2:25-35) would recognize that the Messiah: 1) would be both God and man (Isa 7:14; 9:6-7; et
al), 2) would be the Lamb of God (Isa
53:7), 3) would die (Isa 53:7-12; Dan
9:26; Zec 12:10), 4) would die for the
sins of the world (Isa 45:22; 53:10-12), and His death
5) would be by crucifixion (Zec 12:10;
Ps 22:16; Deu 21:22-23) – though crucifixion was not a Jewish
method of execution.
Ps 22:16 and Zec 12:10
present the crucifixion of Christ in hidden yet perceptible
language, and Paul ties the crucifixion to the curse of Law (Gal
3:13), which springs from Deu 21:22-23. See also Deu 28; 29; and
30. The Jews did not execute by crucifixion, but the Romans did.
The curse, condemnation, and death of the Law Covenant meant
being cut off from the covenants, from the covenant promises, and
from the covenant people, Gal 4:21 thru 5:4. The covenant person
who is cut off is still saved from hell, but must suffer
God's appointed wrath, as in Heb 12:25-29 and Rev 22:18-19 –
Gehenna will be discussed after this series is finished.
Nicodemus should have seen
the death of Christ first in the many animal sacrifices, then in
Ps 22; Isa 53 (and other scriptures), and should have discerned
the crucifixion of Christ in Ps 22:16; Zec 12:10; and Deu
21:22-23. However, since the Son of David would sit on
David's throne and reign forever, it was necessary to
understand that He would be born again into a deified body in
order to sit at the right hand of the Father in the third heaven
(Ps 110:1), as we will see from many Old Testament
THE WORD IS IN YOUR HEART
Word is in your heart," Deu 30:14. "And the LORD your God will circumcise your heart
and the heart of your descendants, to love the LORD your God with
all your heart and with all your soul, that you may
live," Deu 30:6.
"If you obey the voice of the LORD your God, to keep His
commandments and His statutes which are written in this Book of
the Law, and if you turn to the LORD your God with all your heart
and with all your soul.
11 "For this commandment
which I command you today is not too mysterious for you, nor is
it far off.
12 "It is not in heaven,
that you should say, 'Who will ascend into heaven for us and
bring it to us, that we may hear it and do it?" Deu
Note: the "word," in verse 14 below, refers to
"faith" to believe Isa 7:14;
9:6-7; and numerous other Old Testament scriptures which promised
God (the son of God) 1) would come
down from heaven and be born into a human body, 2) would live an unblemished life, 3) would die for the sins of the world,
4) would be raised from the dead in a
new birth of the body into divine glory, 5) would sit at the right hand of the Father and
intercede for the covenant people (Isa 53:12; Ex 28; 29; Lev 1
thru 9; 16), 6) then would come back
in divine glory and sit on David's throne to rule forever. We
will proceed to deal with the Old Testament passages which reveal
"Nor is it beyond the sea, that you should say, 'Who
will go over the sea for us and bring it to us, that we may hear
it and do it?'" Deu 30:13.
"Beyond the sea" speaks of the
unattainable: as one could not ascend to heaven above, he could
not descend into the abyss. This signifies the same as other
references to heaven above or to hades and paradise below (Ps
139:8; Amos 9:2-3; Eph 4:8-10), and that is what it means here.
The Holy Spirit inspired both this passage and the quotation Paul
made from it in Rom 10:4-8. In the latter passage Paul used the
word "abyss," which
signifies "hades" (both hell
and paradise at that time). The divine intent of the passage is
that God (Christ, the Son of God 1)
would descend from heaven, and be born of a virgin (Isa 7:14;
9:6-7; et al), 2) would live a perfect
life, and die for the sins of the world, 3) would descend further into hell and paradise,
4) would then arise from the dead in a
newborn divine body. This is a correlation of Old Testament
passages we will examine as we proceed.
"But the word is very near you, in your mouth and in your
heart, that you may do it.
15 " See, I have set
before you today life and good, death and evil...
19 "I call heaven and
earth as witnesses today against you, that I have set before you
life and death, blessing and cursing; therefore choose life, that
both you and your descendants may live" both in this
life and with divine life forever, Deu 30:14-15,19.
To sum up Deu 28, 29, and 30,
the Lord through Moses told Israel that God would greatly bless
them when they believed and obeyed, but would greatly punish them
when they did not believe and obey. The Lord meant to believe and
obey by grace through faith.
One of the keys to this whole
divine drama is that God set a covenant of disciplinary training
before Israel, and that covenant discipline would apply to each
individual in each succeeding generation. Another key is that by
overcoming this prescribed covenant training throughout each
person's lifetime, God would provide a remedy for man's
cursed condition by sending His Son to be born into the human
family, live a perfect life, suffer for man's sins as the
Lamb of God, would die, descend into hell and paradise, arise
from the dead, and in that resurrection, His human body would be
born again into a divine state of being, and thereby provide the
same for His faithful covenant people.
Israel was not able to
perfectly keep the Law Covenant, and God had prepared within the
Law Covenant for that precise thing. The Law Covenant represents
God's perfect righteousness, and every sinful human being
will break the Law and incur the curse of the Law. God offered
His own righteousness (the fullness of His own divine nature) to
His covenant people, but not one of them would ever be able to
keep God's perfect righteousness offered to the "overcomer" in the Law Covenant.
God knew that they would all
break the Law and be relentlessly held under its curse,
condemnation, death, wrath, slavery, etc. However, God provided a
way within the Law Covenant to escape from the curse and gain
divine life by living daily by grace through faith, and that is
what Deu 30:11-14 is teaching. "Faith" said Christ would descend to
earth, become a human, live an unblemished life, die for our
sins, descend further into hell and paradise, ascend back out of
hell and paradise, ascend back to heaven, give the Holy Spirit as
the earnest toward the new birth of the faithful covenant people,
and intercede for the faithful covenant people as we strive to
become overcomers – by grace through faith.
The covenant people must
constantly maintain a circumcised heart – this second application
required by the Law Covenant was a heart of "faith." They were urged again and again
to love the Lord with all their heart and with all their soul
(all their life) (Deu 30: 2,6; 6:4-9; et al), which means to
daily (constantly) maintain a circumcised heart (Deu 30:6), by
grace through faith. To love God with all one's heart
requires faith-obedience by God's grace (God's help),
which God always provides if there is godly sorrow and repentance
on our part, which also are by God's grace.
How long does it take to
believe? Under the Law Covenant it required believing and doing
all the Law Covenant required to do, and then to offer the
required sacrifices for breaking the Law Covenant in all its
commandments – and doing this every day of one's life. The
Law Covenant required keeping the whole Law Covenant by grace
through faith, Deu 28; 30; Ja 2:10; Gal 3:10; 5:3. The Law
required a circumcised heart that kept all the commandments of
the Law Covenant, and to do so throughout one's entire
THE WORD OF FAITH
"For Christ is the end of the Law for righteousness to
everyone who is believing.
5 "For Moses writes
about the righteousness which is of the Law, ‘The man who does
those things shall live by them," Rom 10:4-5.
While the first application
of the Law Covenant was "not of
faith," Gal 3:11-12, the second application of the
Law Covenant was "of faith,"
as the current passage teaches.
"But the righteousness of faith speaks in this way, ‘Do not
say in your heart, 'Who will ascend into
heaven?'' (that is, to bring Christ down from
"Or, 'Who will descend into the abyss?' (that
is, to bring Christ up from the dead).
"But what does it say? ‘The word is near you, in your mouth
and in your heart' (that is, the word of faith which
"That if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and
believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you
will be saved.
10 "For with the heart
one is believing into righteousness, and with the mouth
confession is being made into salvation," Rom
The salvation here is not
salvation from hell, but salvation into the divine firstborn
sonship of Christ, 1Co 15:1-2,29-34,57-58; Phi 3:7-14,21; 1Jn
2:23-25; 5:6-13; 2Jn 9-11; Jn 15:1-11; Rom 11:11-22; Gal 4:21-31;
5:1-5; 2Pe 3:16-17; 1Ti 1:18-20; 1Co 9:24 thru 10:12; et al.
We observe in Deu 30 the
requirement of a circumcised heart which uses the present tense
and present participle in Rom 9:30 thru 10:12. It was not a once
in a lifetime believing, but a circumcised heart that by grace
through faith continued daily to keep God's commandments,
which commandments required the daily offering of sin offerings
because the people were constantly breaking the commandments. We
are warned throughout the Scriptures that we must daily keep
God's commandments and exhort one another lest we make
shipwreck of faith (1Ti 1:18-20) and develop "an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the
living God," Heb 3:12-14; 2Pe 3:16-17.
This passage (Deu 30:11-14)
requires the Son of God to descend from heaven, keep the Law for
us in a human body, descend into hell and paradise (both in the
center of the earth at that time), then arise from the dead in a
new born divine body in order to provide this divine life for the
covenant people. This passage and its greater context concerns
keeping God's commandments, which the Son of God coming down
from heaven would have to do and did do for us. All that Christ
did was done vicariously – as our substitute. He blazed the trail
that must be followed daily by grace through faith in order to
obtain divine life.
The goal here is not
salvation from hell, but to provide for the covenant people to
gain divine life (divine righteousness, the divine nature), which
is salvation into the divine state of being, about which both Deu
30 and Rom 10 speak, and which the New Testament more clearly
reveals as the fullness of God's divine nature, Eph 1:22-23;
3:19; Col 1:19; 2:9-21; 1Co 15:1-2,29-58; Phi 2:6-11; 3:7-14,21;
et al. The unfaithful saved will not receive this salvation, but
will be severely punished and will be the nations on the new
earth. They will not be qualified to enter the New Jerusalem, but
their glory and honor (their praise, and worship) will be brought
into the city by the firstborn sons who qualify to inherit and
reign together with Christ, Mt 19:27-30; 2Ti 2:10-13; Rev
2:26-26; 20:4-6; 21:23-26.
YOU WILL NOT LEAVE MY SOUL IN SHEOL, NOR ALLOW YOUR HOLY ONE
TO SEE CORRUPTION
"Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoices; My flesh
also will rest in hope (in the grave).
"For You will not leave My soul in sheol, nor will You allow
Your Holy One to see corruption.
11 "You will show me the
path of life (divine life for the human body);
In Your presence is fullness of joy; At Your
right hand are pleasures forevermore," Ps 8:7-11.
The first 8 verses of this
Psalm are rich in expressions of dedication and praise on the
part of Christ, and, without mention of the crucifixion, lead us
to His burial where Christ says:
1. "My flesh also will rest in hope." This
means the flesh body is dead and in the grave, but it waits for
the resurrection. In Spirit the Messiah would descend into hell
and Paradise, as was required by these prophecies we are
reviewing. So He said:
2. "You will not leave My Soul in sheol"
(You will not leave Me in the grave). The Messiah is always fully
submissive to the Father, and must descend by the Holy Spirit
(1Pe 3:18-20) into hell and Paradise and declare the good news of
the Gospel to those imprisoned there. Hell has no power over Him,
for He has paid the full price for the sins of the world.
3. "Nor will You allow Your Holy One to see
corruption." The prophetic Word requires the Seed of
the woman (Son of David, the Son of God, the Son of Man, the
Messiah, the Christ, the testament Testator) to ascend out of
Sheol and bring paradise with Him as we will quickly observe from
other Old Testament passages.
4. "You will show me the path of life."
This also testifies that Christ, in His human body – the flesh
body itself, did not have that divine life yet: He had to qualify
for that life in His human body by learning obedience through
suffering, Heb 5:8-9; Mt 7:13-14; 19:28 (16-30). Though Christ
was the Son of God and possessed all the fullness of deity from
eternity, His human body did not possess that divine state of
life until His resurrection, Col 1:18; Rev 1:5; Act 13:29-33; Heb
1:5-6; 5:5; 1Co 15:44-50. This is the same "life" we see in Deu 30:15,19-20 and
throughout both Old and New testaments. It is divine life in the
human body making the Son of David the Firstborn from the dead,
Col 1:18; Rev 1:5; Act 13:29-33; I Co 15:44-50; et al. This is
the divine life that will be manifest and rule during the day of
the Lord, the life that will be predominant in the Millennial age
and forever thereafter.
5. "In Your presence is fullness of joy; at Your right
hand are pleasures evermore." As we will see, this is
addressing Ps 2:7 and Ps 110:1-4 where the Father says
"You are My Son, today I have begotten
You," and "Sit at My right
hand, till I make your enemies your footstool."
THIS DAY I HAVE BEGOTTEN YOU
will declare the decree: the LORD has said to Me, 'You are My
Son, Today I have begotten You.
8 "Ask of Me, and I will
give You the nations for Your inheritance, and the ends of the
earth for Your possession," Ps 2:7-8.
Observe the following:
1. This is the Seed
of the Woman, who will crush the head of the serpent, Gen 3:15.
Being the Seed of the Woman, He will be born of a virgin in order
to be without sin, and, as the Second Adam, create a new kind of
man and be the head of a new race of firstborn sons, Col 1:18;
1Co 15:44-50; 2Co 5:16-18.
2. This is the Son
of God, who left the bliss of heavenly glory to become our
Kinsman Redeemer and testament Testator. According to the last
will and testament, He must overcome the testament disciplinary
training, die for the sins of the human race, and arise from the
dead into a new born divine human body, creating a new kind of
man, 2Co 5:16-17.
3. This is the Seed
of Abraham, who exemplified the divine righteousness of
God, and thereby prepare "the
way, the truth, and the life," (Jn 14:6) whereby we may be
justified (made divine, Phi 3:9,21) and freely enter into the
presence of God.
4. This is the Son
of David, the Son of Man, who is instructed to "Ask of Me, and I will give you the nations for your
inheritance..." The prophetic Word says the Son of
David (the mighty God, born into a human body, Isa 9:6-7) will
sit on the throne of David for ever, 2Ch 17:11-14; Isa 11:1-9;
5. "You are My Son,
Today I have given birth to You." "Today" or "This day" is a "time" related statement, and does not
apply to the human birth of Jehovah Elohim, but to His
resurrection as the New Testament reveals (Act 13:29-33), and as
the following shows.
6. This passage
projects a divine-human-divine relationship. Verse 7 says,
"I will declare the decree: the Lord
said to Me, You are My Son, Today I have begotten
you." This is quoted in Act 13:29-33 of the
resurrection birth of Christ's human body into the divine
state of being, making Him the firstborn from the dead, Col 1:18;
7. This passage also
projects the Son of David as the Son of Man, inheriting all the
works of God's hands, which were all created by Him and for
Him, Jn 1:1-3; Col 1:15-23. "Ask of Me,
and I will give You the nations for Your inheritance, and the
ends of the earth for Your possession."
8. The underlying
projection of the passage is to create a bride people, with whom
God will share His divine fullness, Col 1:19-23; 2:9-10; Eph
1:22-23; 3:19; 5:31; Jn 10:30-36; 14:8-11; 17:21-23.
The words must go together
with the words "Today" or
"This day." Again, this is a
"today," that is, a
"time" related statement,
pointing to the "day" of the
Messiah's new birth resurrection out of the grave.
It was after this that the
Father said to the Son, "Sit on My right
hand, till I make Your enemies Your footstool," Ps
110:1. There were conversations going on daily between the Father
in heaven and the Son in His human body on earth. This
conversation could have taken place on earth or in heaven, for
Christ evidently ascended quickly to heaven and returned to earth
the same day of His resurrection, Jn 20:17; Mt 28:1-9.
It should have been clear to
Nicodemus and other spiritually taught Jews that the body of the
Son of David would be born again into a divine body in His
resurrection, and would ascend into the Father's presence.
Other passages that we will examine will continue to establish
that the Old Testament provides sufficient information for all to
be thoroughly assured that the faithful covenant people will also
be born again into a divine body in the resurrection.
YOU HAVE ASCENDED ON HIGH, YOU HAVE LED CAPTIVITY
"The chariots of God are twenty thousand, Even thousands of
thousands; The Lord is among them as in Sinai, in the Holy
18 "You have ascended on
high, You have led captivity captive; You have received gifts for
men, Even for the disobedient, That the LORD God might dwell
there," Ps 68:17-18; Eph 4:8-10.
This passage is to be
associated with the one covered above (Deu 30:11-14), where
ascending into heaven and descending into hell and Paradise are
in focus. There are five things for us to consider in this
1. "You have ascended on high." The Son of
God becoming the Son of Man and the scope of His divine– then
human– then divine state of being must be kept in mind all
through the Old Testament for a proper understanding of the human
life and related activities of Immanuel – from the vantage point
of the Old Testament alone, where Nicodemus stood. In this way,
we also with the New Testament, can better understand the purpose
of God in its prophetic applications. The Messiah had to first
descend from heaven and be born of a virgin as the Seed of the
woman to become a human in the human family and be without sin.
This passage deals only with His activities after He had
accomplished His earthly ministry. The focus here is on what He
did after He died for our sins.
2. "You led captivity captive." To
harmonize this from the Old Testament, we again associate it with
the former passage, Deu 30:11-14. The Messiah must descend into
the abyss – hell and Paradise at that time, Lk 16:19-31. That is
where those who had qualified for the firstborn sonship (and
everyone else who had died) were held "captive." In Old Testament days,
Paradise was also in the center of the earth, Lk 23:43.
When the Messiah had finished
His earthly ministry and had suffered God's wrath against
Himself for our sins, it was God's purpose for Him to descend
into hell and Paradise, proclaim the fulfilment of His prophetic
earthly mission to the point of the cross and death. Then the
prophetic Word provided for the testament Testator (God in a
human body) to ascend out of the abyss, reenter His body, and
give His flesh body a divine birth to create a "new man," a heavenly (spirit, deified)
body, Col 1:18; Rev 1:5; Act 13:29-33; 1Co 15:44-50; et al.
Then Christ was to ascend
back to heaven, and as He did so He was to lead captivity captive
by removing paradise from the center of the earth to the third
heaven, Ps 68:18; 2Co 12:1-3.
3. "You received gifts for men."
For the fulfillment of this
part of the prophetic Word (Ps 68:18), we turn to Act
"Therefore being exalted to the right hand of God, and
having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit,
He poured out this which you now see and hear.
34 "For David did not
ascend into the heavens, but he says himself: 'The LORD said
to my Lord, ‘Sit at My right hand,
35 "‘Till I make Your
enemies Your footstool,'" Act 2:33-35.
Here we will make the
following correlations: 1) the Messiah
is the Seed of the woman (Gen 3:15), 2) the Messiah is our Kinsman Redeemer and
testament Testator (Gen 3:15,21; Heb 9:16-17), 3) the Messiah is God in a human body (Isa 7:14;
9:6-7), 4) The Messiah would die for
human sins (Isa 53:1-12), 5) the
Messiah would be buried and His Spirit descend into Sheol (Ps
16:9-10), 6) the Messiah would ascend
out of Sheol bringing Paradise with Him (Ps 68:17-18),
7) the Messiah would be born again out
of the grave into a deified body (Ps 16:7-11; Act 2:25-35;
13:29-33), 8) the Messiah would be
seated at the right hand of the Father (Ps 110:1-4), 9) when Christ was seated at the right hand of the
Father, He received from the Father the special ministry of the
Holy Spirit whom He sent down to indwell the church (the last
will and testament people) and give spiritual gifts (miracle
working powers) to the church on the day of Pentecost (Act
2:1-39), and 10) the Messiah is now
interceding for the covenant people, Ps 110:4; Heb 7.
4. "Even for the disobedient."
Obviously, this refers to
sinful human beings who have believed and have been initiated
into proper covenant relationship with God. Spiritual gifts were
given only to those properly baptized into a true local church,
with the exception of Cornelius (Act 10) and his household who
were given the Spirit and spiritual gifts specifically in order
to insure and expedite their entrance into the church (we will
not here go into the preponderance of evidence of this fact). The
church is God's covenant people in this New Covenant age.
John's baptism is the initiatory ordinance into the church
(Lk 7:29-30; Rom 6:3-6; Gal 3:27; Col 2:11-17), and the
Lord's Supper is our covenant Passover feast, Mt 26:26-28;
5. "That the Lord God may dwell there."
Just before the Lord ascended
back to heaven, He told His church to return to Jerusalem and
wait for the Holy Spirit who would be sent upon them very soon,
Act 1:1-8. He ascended back to heaven and sent the Spirit to the
church in Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost, Act 2:33. The Holy
Spirit gave spiritual gifts to the members of the church, and is
dwelling in the church to aid them to carry the Gospel into all
the world. The gift of the Holy Spirit also serves as God's
"earnest" pledge (2Co 5:5)
to qualify them to stand fast and overcome in the covenant
disciplinary training prescribed for them, 1Co 10:1-13; Heb 3;
12; et al.
THE ORDER OF MELCHIZEDEK
Psalm of David. The LORD said to my Lord, ‘Sit at My right hand,
till I make Your enemies Your footstool.'
2 "The LORD shall send
the rod of Your strength out of Zion. Rule in the midst of Your
3 "Your people shall be
volunteers in the day of Your power; in the beauties of holiness,
from the womb of the morning, You have the dew of Your youth.
4 "The LORD has sworn
and will not relent, ‘You are a priest forever according to the
order of Melchizedek,'" Ps 110:1-4.
Again, observe the
1. Nicodemus should
have understood that this passage was and is addressing the
testament Testator, the Christ who is "God with us," God in a human body, the
Son of David (Isa 7;14; 9:6-7), and all the things itemized under
"Immanuel," as reviewed
2. The admonition to
"sit on My right hand, till I make Your
enemies Your footstool" signifies first that He has
not been sitting there since He became a human (Isa 7:14; 9:6-7;
Mic 5:2), and second that he will come back to earth to sit on
the throne of David and rule the nations, Isa 9:6-7.
3. This is the Son
of David (God in a human body) who is to rule the nations
forever, Isa 9:6-7; Zec 12:8-10; 1Ch 17:12-14. Ruling the nations
with a rod of iron (Ps 2; Rev 2:26-27) is a promise made to the
Messiah and the covenant people only (Deu 26:16-19; Ps 2; Rev
4. The "volunteers" (Ps 110:3) speak of those
whose "will" has been to do
God's "will." The day of
"Your power," points to the
return of Christ. In the "beauties of
holiness," points to the holy walk of life and its
end result of inheriting the holiness (divine nature) of God, Heb
12:10. The "womb of the
morning" addresses the new birth resurrection of the
saints, while the "dew of Your
youth" draws upon the newness and "life-giving" (1Co 15:45) power of the
resurrection morning – of the day of Christ's divine power.
Observe the flow of the passage into the new birth resurrection
of the faithful covenant people.
5. In verse 1 the
Messiah is called "Lord,"
and is seated in a deified human body at the right hand of the
Father in the third heaven. Verse 4 reveals that the Father takes
an oath of appointment that Christ (the testament Testator) has
qualified to be a Priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.
"Forever" signifies an
unchanging priesthood because the divine Testator will never die
again, and the expression "after the
order of Melchizedek" requires a change of priesthood
from the Law covenant priesthood of Aaron, and a change of
covenant or testament from the Law Covenant to the New
QUESTIONS AND WORK TASKS FOR CHAPTER FIVE
1. God said
"Let us make man in Our
image," Gen 1:26. Correlate the plurality and the
"oneness" of the Father, the
Son, and the Holy Spirit.
2. Describe the
function of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit in the
creation of all things.
3. The Testament
Testator is called "Emmanuel." Correlate Isa 7:14; Mt 1:23; and
Jn 1:14 with Phi 2:5-11, and delineate the humanity of His flesh
body. Consider the physical limitations and needs of the flesh
4. The Jewish method
of execution was by stoning. Provide scripture and evidence from
the Old Testament that the Messiah would be crucified.
5. n Heb 9:16-17,
the word normally translated as covenant is there properly
translated as "testament."
Give scripture and explanation showing proof that the major Bible
covenants are also last will and testaments.
6. Explain again
what the "the Seed of the
woman" signified, and why the seed of the woman is a
necessary part of the redemption cycle.
7. The sacrificing
of clean animals according to the Scriptures required the
resurrection of the Messiah Testator into a deified body. Define
why this is true. Memorize at least each major step of the
8. The Law Covenant
set forth God's perfect righteousness, therefore no sinful
human could keep the Law Covenant. Hence God provided a Kinsman
Redeemer whose vicarious life, death, and resurrection provided a
means of redemption. Define "vicarious," and also define the
redemption cycle in its vicarious application.
9. Correlate Deu
30:11-14 and Lev 18:5 with Rom 10:5-10, and explain each passage.
"Salvation" in these
passages primarily applies to overcoming covenant discipline into
the full covenant salvation of firstborn sonship of Christ.
10. Review Ps 2:7-12
and delineate its application within the redemption cycle.
Consider 1) the new birth of the body
of the Messiah, 2) His inheritance of
the nations. 3) the instructions to
the nations, and 4) the blessedness of
those who faithfully trust in Him.
11. Review Ps
68:17-18 and specify its appropriate place within the redemption
cycle. Correlate Ps 68:17-18 with Acts 2:25-35 and Eph 4:8.
Briefly address the gifts given to the church and when those
gifts were to be done away: see 1Co 13:8-13 and Eph
12. Review Ps
110:1-4 and Jer 31:31-34 with Heb 7 and 8, and briefly discuss
the change in covenant and change in priesthood. Also designate
the place in the redemption cycle which appropriately fits Ps
104:3 and emphasize its new birth resurrection