Firstborn Sonship of Christ
The New Birth
INTRODUCTION TO THE OLD TESTAMENT
We continue this introduction to
the new birth in the Old Testament by analyzing major Messianic passages which reveal
that the Messiah (Jehovah Elohim) would be born into the human family, and then
"born again" into a divine human body in His
resurrection. These passages require that the faithful covenant people will also be
born again into a divine body when Christ returns, since God has predestined that His
faithful last will and testament people share the divine "oneness" of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. This
divine "oneness" will be a major part of our theme
(the firstborn sonship of Christ) as we proceed through the Old Testament prophetic
IN THE BEGINNING
weakened My strength in the way; He shortened My days.
24 "I said, O My God, do not take Me away in
the midst of My days;" (then the Father says to the Son) "Your years are throughout all generations,
25 "Of old You laid the foundation of the
earth, and the heavens are the work of Your hands.
26 "They will perish, but You will endure;
yes, they will all grow old like a garment; like a cloak You will change them, and they
will be changed.
27 "But You are the same, and Your years will
have no end,"
28 The children of Your servants will continue, And
their descendants will be established before You," Ps 102:23-28.
The Hebrew writer in Heb 1:10-12 quotes the LXX
(the translation of the Old Testament from Hebrew into Greek and now into English is
called the Septuagint or LXX) which says, "And You Lord, in
the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of Your
hands..." These words were addressed by the Father to Christ in a human
body before the cross, probably in Gethsemane.
1. Messiah In a Human Body.
a. This is a Messianic Psalm. Most of the Psalm applies both to David
and to Christ, or anyone in bitter afflictions, but the primary application is to
Christ in the garden of Gethsemane. The Psalm provides a very humbling look at the
humanity of Jehovah Elohim within the most excruciating moments of His human life, Isa
b. Verses 25 thru 27 above are quoted
in the book of Hebrews (Heb 1:10-12) as being the words of the Father to the Son in
response to the cry of the Son, in verses 23 and 24 above, that His days were being cut
short, obviously by crucifixion and death, Ps 22; Deu 21:23; Zec 12:10; Heb 5:7.
2. Messiah in a Divine Body.
a. In verses 23 and 24, the days of the Son were being cut short and He
is nearing the point of death, yet in verses 25-26 the Father comforts the Son and
recalls that the Son was Partner in the creation of the heavens and the earth in the
beginning, and would yet be Partner in the changing of the created universe.
reveals that the Son (the Son of Man, the Son of David, Jehovah Elohim), was there and
existed before all creation, and therefore is greater than all creation, including sin,
death, hell, angels, Satan, and all his demons, Rev 1:18.
c. In verse
26, the Father reminds the Son that the creation is growing old and will perish, and
that the Son would be brought back to life and be a Partner in changing the future
state of all creation.
d. In verse
27, the Father assures the Son that the Son's future will continue as divinely
predestined: though the material universe is growing old and will be changed, the Son
would remain the same, His years will have no end. This means that the prophetic Word
will remain unbroken: 1) in a human body the Son must suffer
the wrath of God against the sins of the whole human race, and His human body must die
and be buried, 2) the Son would descend into hades to
proclaim His Gospel victory, 3) would ascend out of hades
after three days, 4) would reenter His human body, and
5) would give it a divine birth into a divine body, and
would continue in the divine state forever according to the purpose of the Godhead
before creation began.
e. In verse
28, the Father reaffirms that the Son's faithful companions will be established
before the Son in His likeness (in divine bodies which requires the new birth), as
stated in the Old Testament Scriptures, Job 19:25-27; Ps 17:15; 68:17-18; Isa 40:31;
43:1-3,21; 60:8; Dan 7:13-14,18,22,27; 12:3; Mal 3:16-18; 4:1-3; et al.
passage reveals that the Messiah is the Beginning and the End, the First and the Last,
the Alpha and Omega, the eternal Son of God, the eternal Son of Man, the I AM, Ex
2:13-14; Jn 8:58; Rev 1:8-18.
should have laid hold on Isa 7:14; 9:6-7; and these other Old Testament passages which
reveal that Jehovah Elohim (as the Son of God) was to be born into the human race.
Nicodemus should have unrelentingly pursued Jehovah Elohim in a human body through the
Old Testament many hundreds, even thousands of times. 1)
Nicodemus should have made a major note of Jehovah Elohim being born of a virgin into
the human family, and growing into adulthood as a normal human being yet without sin,
Isa 53:1-9. 2) Nicodemus should have understood the
significance of the Passover lamb and the other animal sacrifices being without spot
and without blemish, and taking away the sin of the world to redeem all that the first
Adam lost, Gen 3:15,21; Ex 12; Ps 2:9; 72:8; Isa 45:22; Jn 1:29,36. 3) Nicodemus should have understood the significance of the whole burnt
offerings and other offerings made by fire, Lev 1 thru 6. 4)
He should have seen Jehovah Elohim in a human body, free from sin but bearing the sins
of the guilty, Isa 53. 5) He should have recognized Jehovah
Elohim in a human body being crucified, dying, being buried, descending into sheol, and
ascending out of sheol, leading captivity into the third heaven, Isa 53; Zec 12:10; Ps
22; 16:7-11; 68:17-18. 6) He should have associated the Son
of God (Son of Man, Son of David) in the flesh with the Rock cut out of the mountain in
Dan 2:34-35, with the Son of Man in Dan 7:13-27, and with the Messiah being cut off in
Dan 9:26. He should have seen Jehovah Elohim pierced in Zec 12:10 and smitten as the
Shepherd of the sheep in Zec 13:7. 7) He should also have
seen the Son of Man as the righteous Servant of Isa 52 and 53, as the deified Branch of
Righteousness in Jer 23;5-8; 33:15-16; and Isa 54:17, and as the brilliantly shining
Sun of Righteousness of Mal 4:2. 8) He should have
understood these passages quoted later in the New Testament, hidden yet perceptible
within this divine maze of the Old Testament mysteries.
3. Messiah's Firstborn Sonship Companions in Deified
Verse 28 of this passage (Ps
102:23-28) speaks of the companions of Jehovah Elohim, who will be established before
Him. Ps 22:23-24; 40:6-10; 45:6-8; 68:17-20; Ps 89:26-37; 102:21-28; 110:1-4; et
Psalm 68:17-20 speaks of Christ leading captivity
captive (out of sheol, Ps 16:10), ascending on high, and thereby moving paradise from
the center of the earth to the third heaven, See also Lk 23:43; Eph 4:8-10; 2Co 12:1-4.
Verse 20 (Ps 68:17-20) addresses the salvation of the Lord, specifically the escape
(delivery) from death. Jehovah became human and conquered death by His life and
vicarious death and resurrection. The Lord loads us with "benefits" which include the avenues of escape not only from
death, but also into the divine firstborn sonship of Christ, Ps 68:19-20.
WHAT IS MAN
I consider Your heavens, the work of Your fingers, the moon and the stars, which You
4 "What is man that You are mindful of him,
and the Son of Man that You visit Him?
5 "For You have made Him a little lower than
the angels, and You have crowned Him with glory and honor.
6 "You have made Him to have dominion over the
works of Your hands; You have put all things under His feet," Ps
1. When I Consider the Heavens.
As scientists discover more and
more about the heavens with their myriads of galaxies, the earth and the oceans with
their countless varieties of life, and the angels with such power and glory, we are
appalled and ask ourselves, "What is man that God is so
mindful of us?" Why should Jehovah Elohim become a man and suffer such
humiliation, such agonies, and suffer the divine wrath against Himself because of our
sins? Why should God bring any of us into that inexpressibly divine "oneness" with the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit? Why
should God think to set any of us above all the works of His hands to share the divine
firstborn sonship together with His Son? The answer:
2. God Is Revealing His Divine Attributes.
The answer is first that God
desires to show His goodness, love, compassion, mercy, longsuffering, even His justice
and righteous judgment toward the vessels of wrath prepared for destruction, and also
to make known the riches of His divine essence on the vessels of mercy, which He has
also prepared beforehand for glory, Rom 9:22-23. The "will" of man is enslaved to sin, but the Spirit of God brings
every rational human being to the place where he or she can, by God's grace, make
the choice to believe or disbelieve, and God has predestined that every rational human
being make that positive or negative choice many times every day, Ps 19:1-6;
65:5;45:22; Jn 1:9; 12:32; Act 14:16-17; 17:26-28; Rom 1:18-20.
3. A Little Lower Than the Angels.
God has set man and the Son of
Man (Jehovah Elohim) a little lower than the angels, who are created beings,
immeasurably lower than God, but likewise immeasurably higher than mankind. In this
eternally and divinely predestined drama of the mystery of Godliness, God purposed
beforehand to deliver many sons out of this state of shame and rebellion into the
glorious heritage of the firstborn sonship of Christ, Heb 2:6-13.
As Nicodemus and many other diligent Old Testament
students of the Scriptures looked at this passage, they should have seen that
"the Son of Man" addressed in this passage is the
Jehovah Elohim of Isa 7:14 and 9:6-7, who existed before He was made a human lower than
the angels. They should also have observed the same Son of Man being "cut off" (Dan 9:26), obviously as described in Ps 22, Isa 53,
and Zec 12:10, then later being ushered in before the Father in divine glory to receive
the throne and kingdom promised to the Son of David, whom David also called Lord, Dan
7:13-14 (1-27); 2:44; 12:1-12; Ps 110:1; Mt 22:41-45.
4. For the Joy Set Before Him.
For the joy of this firstborn
sonship heritage, which includes bringing many sons to glory (Isa 53; Heb 2:6-13),
Christ endured the indescribable shame and pain of a lowly human life, being despised
and rejected by His chosen people, and the writhing agonies of Gethsemane through the
cross, Isa 50:5-7; 52:14; 53:1-12; Heb 2:6-13; 5:1-9; 12:2. Indeed the human life,
which included the cross, required harsh and severe training for the Son of Man. The
joy set before Christ and all the firstborn sons immeasurably exceeds all other joys
5. Severe Covenant Discipline.
For us to share eternally in that
glorious firstborn sonship, God has appointed a lifetime training experience of
voluntary self-denial and steadfast submission, by a "grace
through faith" walk, to do the will of God, Heb 3; 4; 5:8-9. This training
is for all who will aspire to share Christ's firstborn sonship. We must not faint
under God's appointed chastening (training) in order to share in His divine life,
righteousness, and holiness, etc., Heb 12:1-11. If we faint and do not hold steadfast
to the end (Heb 3:6-19), we will make shipwreck of faith (1Ti 1:18-20) and abort the
firstborn sonship without recourse, Heb 3:7-19; 6:4-6; 10:25-31; 12:8,15-17.
6. Crowned with Glory and Honor.
God has crowned the Son with
glory and honor, Ps 8:3-8; Heb 2:6-7. All these passages were written by inspiration:
God meant what He, through the Holy Spirit through David, wrote in this Psalm (Ps
8:3-7), and Nicodemus should have known that Christ would be crowned with a new born,
heavenly, spirit, deified body in His resurrection. That is a part of the "glory and honor" which the Son of Man would be crowned. But
how much could Nicodemus and others in his time have known of these things? He could
have known all these things we have been seeing by analyzing and properly correlating
these amazing and very revealing Old Testament Messianic passages. Nicodemus could have
learned all these things, just as Jesus did by a godly life and unrelenting study of
the Scriptures. That is why Jesus said to Nicodemus, "Are you
the teacher of Israel, and do not know these things?" Jn 3:10.
7. The Father Put All Things Under His Feet.
have put all things under His feet," Ps 8:6. This requires that the Messiah
be again (Ps 102:23-28) placed above all creation, above the powerful angels where He
was before as Jehovah Elohim with the Father and the Holy Spirit, Isa 7:14; 9:6-7. It
is clear from Ps 8:3-8, and companion passages, that Jehovah Elohim would not be placed
above all things and still possess an earthy flesh and blood body, which is lower than
the angels. The Holy Spirit through the writer of the Hebrew letter explains:
8 "...For in that He put
all in subjection under Him, He left nothing that is not put under Him. But now we do
not yet see all things put under Him." Heb 2:8.
Nicodemus should have recognized that the Son of
David on the throne of David would be none other than Immanuel – God with us, the
mighty God, Jehovah Elohim in a human body, who would be crucified, die, be buried,
descend into sheol, ascend out of sheol leading captivity captive, born again into a
divine body in His resurrection (crowned with glory and honor), ascend back to heaven,
sit at the right hand of the Father, and intercede for the saints. Nicodemus should
have understood that the Son of David (Jehovah Elohim) would then at the end of the
sixth millennium descend back to the earth and give all the faithful covenant people a
divine body that will shine like the stars of heaven in oneness with the Sun of
Righteousness (Dan 12:3; Mal 4:1-3), and sit on David's throne as Jehovah Elohim
through the seventh day (the seventh millennium).
8. Taste Death for Everyone.
Tasting death for everyone
required the new birth, Heb 2:9. We have touched on: 1) the
death of Christ for the sins of the world, Ps 22; Isa 53; 45:22; Zec 12:10;
2) His death by crucifixion, Ps 22:16; Zec 12:10,
3) His burial after death, Ps 16:9-10; Isa 53:9;
4) His descending into sheol, Ps 16:9-11; 5) His ascending out of sheol and leading captivity captive, Ps
68:17-18; 6) His being born again into a deified body in His
resurrection, Ps 2:7; 16:9-11; 68:17-18; Isa 53:10-12; 7)
His praising the Father in the church after resurrection, Ps 22:21-25; Heb 2:12-13;
8) His being seated at the right hand of the Father, Ps
110:1; Mt 22:41-45; 9) His interceding for the saints, Isa
53:12; 110:4; 10) His bringing many sons to glory by
sanctifying (justifying) them into a divine oneness with the Father, the Son, and the
Holy Spirit. Also Ex 12:1-28,43-49; Isa 53:10-12; 54:17; Jer 23:5-8; 33:15-16; 1Co
5:7-8; Heb 10:10; 2:11; and 12) His coming again with all
His saints (Zec 14:1-5), sitting on the throne of David, and reigning through the
seventh day – the seventh millennium, Isa 9:6-7; Jer 23:5-7; 33:5-16. All of these are
from Old Testament passages, and are confirmed by the New Testament.
9. Bringing Many Sons to Glory.
In bringing many sons to glory,
Heb 2:10. Nicodemus should have been of one mind with the Psalmist (a Messianic Psalm,
like the preceding Psalm 16) who prayed: "As for Me, I will
see Your face in righteousness; I shall be satisfied when I awake in Your
likeness," Ps 17:15. Christ learned all these passages we are analyzing,
and He learned them well. And His knowledge of these Messianic passages gave Him
tremendous assurance, so that He could pray,
9 "Therefore My heart is
glad, and My glory rejoices; My flesh also will rest in hope.
10 "For You will not leave My soul in sheol,
Nor will You allow Your Holy One to see corruption.
11 "You will show Me the path of life; In Your
presence is fullness of joy; At Your right hand are pleasures forevermore,"
Yet Jesus knew that He was constantly being tempted
and must hate sin and love righteousness every moment of His life. The covenant
training was austere in many ways: Satan, for instance, could win a complete victory if
he could get Jesus to commit one sin. Thus Jesus was a most diligent student of the
Scriptures, and saturated His days and nights with prayer, as we read in these
Messianic passages (See also, Heb 5:7), and the times He prayed till very late into the
night, early in the morning, or all night long. When did Jesus become aware that He was
the Messiah, Jehovah Elohim? At age 12, He already knew, Lk 2:49, and He knew by
studying the Old Testament Scriptures, as every other seed of Abraham could do as the
Old Testament flowed to its completion.
10. For They Are All of One.
both He who is sanctifying and those who are being sanctified are all of ONE. For which
reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren," Heb 2:11.
between Christ as the Son of Man and the covenant people (covenant companions) is
beautifully emphasized in the following verses:
9 "But we see Jesus, who
was made (a human) a little lower than the angels, for the
suffering of death crowned with glory and honor, that He, by the grace of God, might
taste death for everyone."
The death of animal sacrifices saturates the Old
Testament, revealing the necessity of the death of the human body of the Messiah who is
"God with us" – Immanuel, Jehovah Elohim.
10 "For it was fitting for Him, for whom are
all things and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory, to make the
captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.
11 "For both He who is
sanctifying and those who are being sanctified are all of ONE, for which reason He is
not ashamed to call them brethren" – predestined to be firstborn sons in
divine (born again) bodies, Heb 10:10 (5-14,29); 12:23 1-23).
12 "Saying: ‘I will
declare Your name to My brethren; In the midst of the assembly (church)
I will sing praise to You.'
13 "And again: ‘I will put My trust in
Him.' And again: ‘Here am I and the children whom God has given Me,"
We must see through the book of Hebrews, throughout
the New Testament, and throughout the Old Testament, the oneness of the One who is
constantly sanctifying and the ones who are constantly being sanctified by Him. This
includes only those who diligently persevere daily by grace through faith to share the
firstborn sonship of Christ, 2Pe 1:5-10. It does not include the unfaithful
"slave" sons of God (Gal 4:21-31; 5:1-4; Heb 12:8)
who fail to make their calling and election sure (2Pe 1:3-10; Rom 11:11-22), who
thereby transgress the doctrine of Christ (2Jn 9-11; 1Jn 2:23-25), and are cut off from
Christ, Jn 15:1-6; Gal 5:1-4.
We will continue to point out this "new birth" "oneness," as it is portrayed throughout
the Old Testament and by the numerous sacrifices and ceremonies. Here, setting the Son
of Man above all the works of God's hand, which leaves nothing that is not put
under Him, means He, as the Son of Man (the Son of David, Jehovah Elohim), is placed
above the angels with immeasurably greater glory than the angels. This requires the new
birth – the full deification of the human body of the Son of David, as we are seeing in
the many Old Testament passages. Christ was to be crowned with glory and honor (Ps
16:9-11; 17:15), which means His body would be justified (born again) in His
resurrection (Isa 53:11; Rom 4:24-25; 2Co 5:21; Phi 3:9), and would thereby be called
"the Lord our Righteousness," Isa 54:17; Jer
23:5-8; 33:15-16. God's purpose from the beginning was that we know Him no more in
a mere flesh body, 2Co 5:16-17; 1Jn 3:2-3.
11. To My Brethren – In the Midst of the Assembly.
22 "Saying: ‘I will declare Your name to My
brethren; In the midst of the assembly I will sing praise to You,'" Heb
2:12; Ps 22:22.
As Jesus hang in agony on the cross dying alone for
the sins of the world, He said these words, with full assurance that the Father had
heard Him, Ps 22:21. In the garden of Gethsemane or on the cross he had also said:
8 "I have set the LORD
always before Me; Because He is at My right hand I shall not be moved.
9 "Therefore My heart is glad, and My glory
rejoices; My flesh also will rest in hope.
10 "For You will not leave My soul in sheol,
nor will You allow Your Holy One to see corruption.
11 "You will show Me the path of life; In Your
presence is fullness of joy; at Your right hand are pleasures forevermore,"
15 "As for Me, I will see
Your face in righteousness; I shall be satisfied when I awake in Your
likeness," Ps 17:15.
In the midst of His church after His resurrection
Jesus no doubt sang and talked to the disciples about these Psalms. These in His
church, in the proper covenant relationship, are the ones whom He was and is
sanctifying to be "one" in the divine state of
being – one with the Father, one with the Son, and one with the Holy Spirit, Jn
12. I and the Children Whom God Has Given Me.
again: ‘I will put My trust in Him.' And again: ‘Here am I and the children whom
God has given Me,'" Heb 2:13; Isa 8:17-18.
After His resurrection birth into glory, Jesus
showed Himself only to those in His New Covenant assembly. The resurrection and the
resurrection birth were and are vitally important in God's eternal purpose. And
witnesses of that resurrection birth are also important in that covenant purpose. God
is infinite in all His glorious person, and it is His good and righteous pleasure to
demonstrate His attributes (His praises) in the person of those who believe and find
inexpressible delight in the hope of sharing in God's divine essence. Jesus
revealed a bit of that eager and loving compassion toward the two disciples on the road
25 "Then He said to them,
"O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have
26 "Ought not the Christ to have suffered
these things and to enter into His glory?"
27 "And beginning at Moses and all the
Prophets, He expounded to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning
32 "And they said to one another, ‘Did not our
heart burn within us while He talked with us on the road, and while He opened the Scriptures to us?" Lk
Later that same night Jesus appeared to His church
and showed them His resurrected and divinely born again body:
45 "And He opened their
minds, to understand the Scriptures,"
46 "Then He said to them, ‘Thus it is written, and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer
and to rise from the dead the third day,'" Lk 24:45-46.
Jesus used Jonah being in the belly of the fish for
three days and three nights as a sign of His resurrection the third day, Mt 12:39-40.
Could Nicodemus or others in his day have recognized this as a sign of the death,
burial, and resurrection of Christ? Would Jonah being in the belly of the fish for
three days and nights become a sign after Christ arose from the grave or was it a sign
before the fact, or both? If it was to serve as a sign before the fact, then who was to
recognize it as a sign, unless it was Nicodemus and others in Israel? The Old Testament Scriptures revealed that Christ would die, be buried,
and would rise the third day in a new born divine body, 1Co 15:3-4.
SURE MERCIES OF DAVID
"Incline your ear, and come to Me. Hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make
an everlasting covenant with you - The
sure mercies of David," Isa 55:3.
How awesome is the Lord's correlation of
scriptures! How beautiful indeed to observe the harmony of the Old and New Testaments!
For the moment we will begin by pointing out from the above passage that the sure
mercies of David constitute an "everlasting
covenant" – the New Covenant, Act 13:34 (29-35); Act 13:35 (Ps 16:10,
7-11)). This means the covenant promises and the sure mercies of David are one and the
same. The sure mercies of David are God's covenant promises to David through the
Son of David, who is Jehovah Elohim, whom David, of course, called Lord, Ps 110:1; Mt
22:41-46. We will emphasize more and more that all the Bible covenants are last will
and testaments, where the Testator must die (Heb 9:16-17), and, of course, be buried
and rise again the third day in a divine new birth body, Col 1:18; Rev 1:5; Act
13:29-33; 1Co 15:1-3,44-50.
Now let us look again at the New Covenant and
observe the correlation the Holy Spirit makes:
29 "Now when they had
fulfilled all that was written concerning Him, they took Him down from the tree and
laid Him in a tomb.
30 "But God raised Him from the dead.
31 "He was seen for many days by those who
came up with Him from Galilee to Jerusalem, who are His witnesses to the people.
32 "And we declare to you glad tidings - that
promise which was made to the fathers.
33 "God has fulfilled this for us their
children, in that He has raised up Jesus. As it is also written in the second Psalm:
'You are My Son, Today I have begotten You,'" Act 13;29-33.
This is a promise made to the fathers – that the
human body of Jehovah Elohim would be divinely born of God from the dead. We are here
looking at the resurrection birth of Christ, from a human body into a divine body,
filled with all the fullness of the divine nature – in the precise image and likeness
of God, as foreordained and witnessed by the words of God in the beginning, Gen
1:26-27. This is the very heart of the firstborn sonship of Christ. We immediately
associate this passage in Acts with 1Co 15:44-50. But look at what the Spirit put
immediately after Acts 13:29-33 – the sure mercies of David require the death, burial,
and divine resurrection of the Seed of David.
THE SURE MERCIES OF DAVID IN DAVID'S SON
that He raised Him from the dead, no more to return to corruption, He has spoken thus:
'I will give you the sure mercies of David,'" Act 13:34.
What does the resurrection birth of Christ (of
Jehovah Elohim) have to do with "the sure mercies of
David?" Why did the Holy Spirit move Paul to put that expression into the
context of the resurrection of Christ in Act 13:29-36? Because David's body did see
corruption. Thus, the Holy Spirit spoke of the Son of God who 1) would be born into the human family as the Seed of David, 2Sa
7:12-16; 2) would live a sinless life "without spot or blemish," Ex 12:5; Isa 53:9; 3) would die for the sins of mankind as the last will and testament
Testator, Isa 53:4-9; Heb 9:16-17; 4) would be buried but
rise the third day without seeing corruption, Ps 16:7-11; 5)
would ascend back to heaven, be seated at the right hand of the Father, Ps 110:1; Dan
7:13-14; 6) would intercede before the Father for the last
will and testament people, Ps 110:1-4; 7) would receive the
throne of David from the Father, Dan 7:13-14; and 8) would
descend back to the earth to judge and reign, Isa 9:6-7; Ps 2:7-12; Jude 14-15; Rev
The sure mercies of David are the same as the
covenant promises, which is the last will and testament inheritance, Heb 9:16-17. This
correlation reveals that "the sure mercies of
David" include and require the resurrection birth of Christ and all the
inheritance promised in the last will and testament: the redemption inheritance to be
shared by the firstborn sonship, with the holy angels as their ministers, Heb 1:14. The
greatest of these covenant promises is a resurrection birth into divine life – into the
fullness of God's divine nature: sharing the resurrection birth of Christ's
from a human body into a deified body, Col 2:9.
Isa 55:3 says, "...Hear
and your soul shall live..." This is an often repeated promise in the Old
Testament, and here it is a promise of divine life in this same verse with the
everlasting covenant and the sure mercies of David. The Bible is a covenant book
written to covenant people about covenant promises made to those who will endure the
rigid covenant discipline, and thereby qualify for a divine "oneness" with the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, Eph
1:22-23; 3:19; Col 1:19; 2:9-10; 5:30-32; Jn 10:30-36; 14:8-11; 17:21-23; et al.
15 "See, I have set before
you today life and good, death and evil," Deu 30:11-15; Rom 10:4-11.
19 "I call heaven and
earth as witnesses today against you, that I have set before you life and death,
blessing and cursing; therefore choose life, that both you and your descendants may
live," Deu 30:19.
The scripture says that life and death are set
before the covenant or last will and testament people that they may live: be born into
divine life. This includes both physical life and spiritual life: that you may live
physically in order that you may overcome in the covenant testing requirement and
thereby live with divine life in the firstborn sonship of Christ.
Let us again look at this same covenant
promise of life made to covenant people who have already
obtained "like precious faith" – "the faith of
Christ," that is in the body of Christ:
4 "By which have been
given to us exceedingly great and precious promises, that through these
(promises) you may be partakers of the divine nature, having
escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust," 2Pe 1:4
These promises are made to saved, scripturally
baptized church members (covenant people), who are in the body of Christ and thereby
have already "obtained like precious faith," 2Pe
1:1. This is the strait and narrow way that leads to divine
life, Mt 7:13-14. This promise is part of the sure mercies of David which leads to
divine life, and is made to those who are "the pillar and
ground of the truth," 1Ti 3:14. We must not transgress that doctrine of
Christ by fellowshiping spiritually with those who do not have the doctrine of Christ,
2Jn 8-11; 1Jn 2:23-25; 5:9-13 (Observe Greek tense); Mt 19:16-30; Mk 8:34-38; 10:17-30;
Lk 9:23-26; 10:25-37; 18:18-30; Jn 12:25; et al.
Observe a further correlation by the Holy Spirit in
YOU WILL NOT ALLOW YOUR HOLY ONE TO SEE CORRUPTION
"Therefore He also says in another Psalm: 'You will not allow Your Holy One to
see corruption,'" Act 13:35; Ps 16:10.
But this is only one half of one verse in the
context of Ps 16:7-11. We will quote the whole verse and more of the context that we
must correlate with Act 13:29-34. Analyze and see that these words are the words of the
Son of David (Jehovah Elohim) about His death and the resurrection of His body into
divine life. Here we see Jehovah Elohim in a human body (as a human) looking toward the
death of that body, His Spirit descending into sheol, ascending out of sheol,
reentering the body, that body being given a divine birth into "the path of life" (divine life for the human body), and then
ascending into the divine presence of the Father:
7 "I will bless the LORD
who has given Me counsel; My heart also instructs Me in the night seasons.
8 "I have set the LORD always before Me;
because He is at My right hand I shall not be moved.
9 "Therefore My heart is glad, and My glory
rejoices; My flesh also will rest in hope.
10 "For You will not leave My soul in sheol,
nor will You allow Your Holy One to see corruption.
11 "You will show Me the
path of life; In Your presence is fullness of joy; at Your right hand are
pleasures forevermore," Ps 16:7-11.
The same Holy Spirit who revealed this to Paul,
revealed it to Jesus (Mt 16:21; Lk 23:43), and to Simeon (Lk 2:25-35), and to Mary, Mt
26:6-13. God revealed much to Daniel because he fasted and prayed that he might know
the meaning of these things. Nicodemus and others would have known about the new birth
if they had done the same, Ps 25:14. Jesus applied Himself to the study of the
Scriptures, and as a result He knew about the new birth and kindly rebuked Nicodemus
for not doing the same. Nicodemus should have known about the new birth – a birth from
this mere flesh body into a divine body of divine glory. And, not surprisingly, this
context in Act 13:29-35 has further correlations:
TODAY I HAVE BEGOTTEN YOU
will declare the decree: The LORD has said to Me, 'You are My Son, Today I have
8 "‘Ask of Me, and I will give You the nations
for Your inheritance, and the ends of the earth for Your possession.
9 "‘You shall break them with a rod of iron;
You shall dash them to pieces like a potter's vessel,'" Ps
Let us briefly analyze these verses in the light of
further correlation of scripture:
1. A Covenant Promise.
This is that promise made to the
fathers just mentioned in Act 13:33. The promise was made many, many times in different
words and types, but this is specifically referenced in Act 13:33. The resurrection of
Christ's human body into a divine body was vital in the eternal purpose of God.
46 "Then He said to them,
"Thus it is written, and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to
rise from the dead the third day...
48 "And you are witnesses of these
things," Lk 24:46,48.
2. A Time Related Action.
"Today I have begotten You," is an action determined
before the ages, but not taken before the ages began. In God's purpose, Christ was
a Lamb slain before the foundation (creation) of the world, but the crucifixion was
some four thousand years after Adam was created.
3. A Crowning Victory.
Other things were also vital, but
this was the ultimate goal, the predestined climax, the crowning victory of
Christ's first coming, which guarantees the same divine resurrection for
Christ's faithful covenant companions.
4. Of Mature Age.
The normal reading of these
verses reveals the Son was of grown, mature age when these words were spoken to Him.
The Father was not speaking to a newly born baby, but to Jehovah Elohim (the Son of
David) in a human body, following His crucifixion, death, burial, descent into sheol,
ascent out of sheol, and resurrection birth. This is required if we follow the proper
correlation of scriptures from Isa 7:14 and 9:6-7, scripture by scripture, on through
to Ps 110:1; Zec 14:1-4; Dan 7:13-27. This correlation of scripture from the Old
Testament was available to Nicodemus and all others in his day just as it is for us
today. We can easily trace Jehovah Elohim from Isa 7:14 to Dan 7:27 and 12:3,12, and
unequivocally establish the new birth of the human body of Christ as it happened, and
of the saints in the future at the beginning of the seventh day millennium.
5. Having Been Perfected.
Jehovah Elohim in this passage
(Ps 2:7-9) is speaking to Jehovah Elohim who has just been born from a mere human body
into a divine human body. This requires "today" to
be a day of fully qualified, consummate accomplishment. This could not be said to
Christ until His human life-struggle was over, death, hell, and the grave was
conquered, and He had passed through the divine threshold into a fully deified human
body. This was and is the mystery of godliness according to God's covenant purpose.
This was the intent of God as stated in Gen 1:26: to create man in His own image and
likeness. This was the zenith of God's creation, and the foundation for all ages to
8 "Though He was a Son,
yet He learned obedience by the things which He suffered.
9 "And having been
perfected, He became the author of eternal salvation to all who obey
Him," Heb 5:8-9. 12
"Blessed is the man who endures temptation (trials, covenant discipline);
for when he has been approved, he will
receive the crown of life which the Lord has promised to those who love
Him," Ja 1:12.
12 "Blessed is a man who
perseveres under trial; for once he has been approved, he will receive the crown of
life, which the Lord has promised to those who love Him," Ja 1:12. NAS.
The substance of the above verses, applicable to
the earthly ministry of Christ and His faithful covenant companions, is found
throughout the Old Testament. Though Christ was Jehovah Elohim in a human body, He had
to abide by the divine pre-creation covenant agreement within the Godhead, Phi 2:6-11;
Eph 1:4-5,11; 1Pe 1:18-20; Rev 13:8; Jn 4:34; 17:24.
6. Emphasis on "Today."
We must not dissociate verses 8
and 9 from verse 7 and the decree that God declared, with emphasis on the word
"today." Therefore, the Father said to Jehovah
Elohim in a new born divine human body, "Today, Ask of
7. "Ask of Me..."
Ask of Me, and I will give you
the nations and the ends of the earth for your inheritance. Ask of Me "Today" for "today" you
have fully qualified for this inheritance. Jehovah Elohim in a human body had already
qualified for the greatest inheritance of all: the justification or deification of an
innumerable host of deified human companions – all who qualify for the firstborn
sonship, Rev 7:9-17; 14:1-5; 19:7-8. However, a much less, but still an important
covenant promise, was that of sitting on the throne of David as the Son of David (as
Jehovah Elohim) and ruling the nations (and all creation) as also promised, Isa 9:6-7;
8. An Advocate with the Father.
have begotten You" also announces the arrival of a new plateau in our
correlation: Jehovah Elohim will now serve as the fully qualified covenant Mediator, as
the process of qualifying firstborn sons for the election continues with the Son at the
right hand of the Father in heaven. This is obvious in the remaining verses of Psalm 2,
In conjunction with that higher plateau, the Holy
Spirit through David in another Psalm says:
1 "A Psalm of David. The
LORD said to my Lord, ‘Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your
4 "The LORD has sworn And will not relent,
‘You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek,'" Ps
110:1,4; Heb 5:5-10.
Nicodemus should have understood this also, because
the seventh day (millennium) of rest must be figured in between Ps 110:1-4 and Zec
QUESTIONS AND WORK TASKS FOR CHAPTER TWO
1. What do the letters LXX signify?
2. Briefly explain Psalm 102:23-28.
3. God is preparing a special people to
share divine attributes. Give reasons why God is doing this.
4. God is putting His last will and
testament people through godly but severe covenant training. Define why God is doing
5. Also, give examples from the Scriptures
of God's testing and proving His testament people.
6. Give examples of Christ being put
through rough covenant training.
7. Demonstrate by giving examples of how
Nicodemus could and should have known about the new birth resurrection.
8. State your response to the question,
What is man that God is mindful of him?
9. Psalm 17:15 says "...I will be satisfied when I awake in Your likeness?" What
must we do to be assured of that resurrection birth?
10. Point out what should be obvious
reasons why Christ, for the joy set before Him, endured the agonies of the cross.
11. Hebrews 2:11 says,
"For both He who is sanctifying and those who are being sanctified are all of
ONE." Define from this statement the understanding inherent on our part as
to why God is sanctifying us.
12. "O foolish
ones, and slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have spoken!"
Luke 24:25-27 Point out some of the things Jesus addressed that the disciples should
13. Compare the sure mercies of David with
the inheritance of the last will and testament. See page 29.
14. Compare also Act 2:25-35 with Acts
13:29-37. Draw out the conclusions intended in these passages.
15. Analyze Hebrews 5:8-9; James 1:12; and
similar passages and define the crown of life and what is necessary to obtain that
crown according to the last will and testaments.